Why did sailors gird machine-gun belts?

2-02-2018, 22:54
It would seem a simple question - why did sailors need to rewind themselves with machine-gun belts? But how It turned out that there is no definite answer. There are several opinions of historians which I will bring now, choose which one you like.

Versions have been considered a lot. And, pushing off from what is basically In the photo the sailors were girded by machine gun belts, the following came out.
A certain tradition dates back to the days of the First World War. And it is from the fleet.
When it turned out that the plane and the airship is not a circus attraction, but an aircraft capable of discharging not only leaflets from the air, but also quite tangible bombs or tanks with a combustible mixture, naturally, Warring countries began to pay attention to air defense. More precisely, fit their weapons systems for firing on goals.
The main machine gun at the time in the Russian army was "Maksim". He registered on the ships.And where were installed machine guns to fight airplanes?

Naturally, where this airplane could be seen. That is, as can be higher at the posts of observers, signalmen and rangers. AT “Nests” on masts, on battle mars platforms and similar places. This is closer to the Second World War, the ships got PUAZO, and anti-aircraft guns could be put anywhere. But at the beginning of the 20th century machine guns and the guns were installed as close as possible to the observers, that is, those who could carry out target designation.

Photos of the First World War are very few, but here is a photo of an anti-aircraft gunner with "October revolution". So, in the background - "Marat". Can estimate the height at which the zenith calculation is located.

Accordingly, there was a problem with the filing of cartridges. Yes, in the post of memory you can (and need) to store a certain ammo. But the ship is somewhat less suitable for this. Here and pitching, which increases as lifting above the deck, and the aggressive environment in the form of a wet sea air saturated with salt.
But in general, it was simply not planned to create air defense posts, but I had to.

On the Mars platform climbed on brackets, ladders. It is possible that the sailor the tradition of girdling arose from this need - to deliver ammunition to the machine gun in pitching conditions. Sailors, especially Russians, were from time immemorial centuries of fiction much. In terms of facilitating your life. Therefore, figured out, clambering along the staples-ladder and pulling on the box with the tape. Or you need to keep the box in your teeth, or accept the prospect downhill to the deck. So they came up with a girdle.
I do not know how you, dear readers, I "went." Highly everything is logical. Plus, the irrepressible thrust of the sailors to the “Pontes”. As a sign of a certain the differences, they say, do not sit out in the hold, but are engaged in business in battle. What, By the way, also true.

Our fleet in the Great Patriotic War, let's say frankly, fought in such a way that it could afford to send sailors to the marines. Some ships remained with a minimum of crew in the ports, and the personnel left to fight on land.
And here the sailors reappear, re-belted by machine-gun belts. Here I chose two from a variety of versions.
Version one. Lack of equipment, especially in the first time.

I agree with those who expressed the opinion that ribbons on sailors are original cartridge belts.Indeed, the rifle in the naval crew - not the most important thing. Everyone has things to do besides carrying guard duty. And in a battle on the ship, small arms without any needs It's time for the boarding.
In general, according to the regulations, the sailor should have been in gear two two-compartment cartridge pouches sample 1937 for 7.62 mm rifle sample 1891/30 g. For the sailor, armed with a self-loading SVT-40 rifle, instead of the right cartridge bag obr. 1937 was issued bag for two stores or a unified cartridge bag.
The issue of availability is removed, because in photographs these items are practically not found.

Regular wearable ammunition of the time - 120 rounds. The sailors staff equipment matched the infantry, differing only in black leather items. These are pouches for "Mosinka", SVT, spare cartridge bags, breast cartridge belts, belt cartridge belts. In the initial period The wars were tarpaulin ersatzes instead of regular leather ones. Get out of there cartridges are more convenient, loading weapons, given that the cartridges in the cage, produced faster.
In addition, cartridges are less susceptible to contamination.But for some reason, the ground infantry has no ribbons on the fighters ...

Apparently, there is a so-called “naval chic” here. One side, obvious lack of equipment, on the other hand, quickly recalled tradition of the First World and the Civil War.
Plus, it's worth remembering that the naval uniform of that time differed from the land is less pockets. So that all that remained according to the principle “all of my burden with myself” is wrapped with machine gun tape. Here and 250 rounds with you, and (that importantly) the weight is evenly distributed throughout the body.

By the way, the topic is not new ... Many have practiced this method.
Version two.

On the second version came upon photos that were taken at that time, when the crisis is over. But still tapes on the sailors attended. And, as in this photo. Ribbons on the fighters that these cartridges just as the BC will not come in handy, because there is already a PPSh.
Does it make sense, except for "fleet chic"? It turned out there.
Marines - a special kind of troops. Yes, the marines used and purely in defensive battles such as the Nevsky Piglet or defense Sevastopol. However, the sequence of landing operations went further, especially Black Sea.Landings from ships.
The standard BC to "Maxim" of that time was 2500 rounds, then There are 10 tapes. Each weighing about 6 kg. Why do I take "Maxim"? because that the SG-43 went much later, but the DP still was a pure machine gun support infantry, and inferior "Maxim" in the rate of fire, and in range. So all the same "Maxim" ...
Go ahead. The landing of troops. From ships, from boats, from Motobots ... Without a difference. The essence is the same: often under enemy fire from the board into the water, get to the shore, there to find shelter from bullets and splinters, and proceed to the task.
This is still a pleasure ...
But we are talking about delivery issues. Here for the machine gunner "paradise" vice versa. Not only do we need to deliver the body of the machine gun to the shore and machine, so also BC.

In the land forces everything is easier. According to Chapter 12, “Easel Service machine guns "Guidelines for an infantry fighter from the Office of Combat Training VIC RKKA (1938), the calculation of the machine gun "Maxim" consisted as much as 4 people, besides the observer-range finder and the commander of the department, who worked on all three branches of the machine gun platoon.
1. Gunner. Firing a machine gun and doing all the work associated with the use of a machine gun in battle.
2. Assistant gunner. Helps the gunner and is responsible for so that when the machine gun was a sufficient number of rounds and all that necessary for firing.
3. A sub-carrier of cartridges as directed by the machine gun chief or Gunner brings ammunition, water, lubrication and everything necessary for combat machine gun work.
4. Ezdova knows the machine-gun carriage (tachanka) transports machine guns, organizes equipment of tapes with cartridges and their toe to machine gun.

In the marines, the presence of a rider with a cart envisaged. Well, two podnoschika. Each of which except rifles and everything else was supposed to ship 5 boxes with tapes. And in the case of injury or death until the landfall calm these cartridges drown.
Yes, the marines might have been "pontorezami", but there are clearly fools for a long time did not live. And the output was as simple as five kopecks. Good old again wrapping tapes.

For the podnoschika jump into the water, having in each hand a box with a ribbon - perhaps, but ... m, multiplied by g, has not been canceled, and even in conditions dampness and humidity. Could a box and break out of hand. Whatever sealed box (was not, clarified), bathing her good will not do. Plus a stray bullet or shard, and here you are - 20% of BC to the machine gun at the bottom not known where.
Distributing tapes to other fighters simply increased the chance the fact that these tapes get to the shore on these same fighters.

Plus in the case of wet, dried and warped canvas tape cartridges could be leveled with the help of such a device where whatever, on any flat surface.
So it turns out that, on the one hand, and "naval chic", and, on the other hand, the maritime tradition is very useful even from the point view of combat use.

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