Which doctor to contact?
Feeling unwell, we do not always know which doctor to go for diagnosis and treatment. Banal, but nevertheless, effective advice: contact a specialist generalist or therapist. It is not for nothing that this profession is considered to be one of the most demanded, because it is the therapist who conducts the primary reception of the majority of patients, selects a course of treatment and, if necessary, sends them to narrowly specialized doctors.
The therapist conducts early diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular and genitourinary systems, kidneys, lungs, liver, etc. The doctor must find out what patient's complaints about his health, find out whether he had previously applied to a medical institution and for what reason , to inspect.
After that, the therapist assigns the necessary studies, for example, blood and urine tests, cardiogram, ultrasound. Depending on the test results, a diagnosis is made and treatment is prescribed. If specialized care is required, the therapist decides which doctor to consult: a cardiologist, an endocrinologist, a neuropathologist, etc.d.
Violations of the cardiovascular system
The cardiologist is engaged in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of vascular and heart diseases, as well as the rehabilitation of those who have had acute heart disease. The most common diseases that a cardiologist treats include:
- heart defects of various etiologies;
- ischemic disease - impaired blood supply to the heart due to a disorder of the coronary circulation;
- angina pectoris;
- hypertonic disease;
- various arrhythmias, which are expressed both in an increase in heart rate (tachycardia), and in its slowdown (bradycardia) or are associated with poor passage of electrical impulses in different parts of the heart;
- inflammatory heart disease or carditis, leading to vascular and muscle damage.
You should not postpone a visit to a cardiologist if you notice the following symptoms: pain under the left shoulder blade or in your left hand, unpleasant nagging pain or discomfort in the left half of the chest, severe long heartbeat, tingling in the heart or sharp pain behind the sternum.
Diseases of the digestive tract
Among the diseases of internal organs, the first place is steadily occupied by diseases of the digestive system. What doctors are needed in this case? The therapist can make a preliminary diagnosis, but a gastroenterologist is needed to clarify it. A gastroenterologist is engaged in the diagnosis and treatment of the digestive organs, which include diseases of the stomach, esophagus, gallbladder, pancreas, intestines and liver. To identify the problem at an early stage help modern diagnostic methods that are in the arsenal of doctors: gastroscopy, laparoscopy, ultrasound diagnosis, rectoscopy, a variety of laboratory techniques.
Signs of any gastrointestinal disease are nausea, heartburn, unpleasant taste in the mouth, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, or difficult stools. The set of the above symptoms and the degree of their manifestation may be different in different patients, but even one of these signs suggests that it is time to seek professional advice. A gastroenterologist will help to cope with the disease at an early stage and prevent its further progression.
Signs of diseases of the endocrine system
Stress and constant nervous tension, which constantly accompany the life of a modern person, most of all affect the work of the endocrine system. Endocrine glands produce special chemicals (hormones) that regulate all the processes in the body, so disruption in their activities can lead to the most serious consequences.
Among the most common diseases that the endocrinologist diagnoses and treats are diabetes mellitus, various hypothalamic-pituitary disorders, thyroid diseases, and obesity. Signs of a malfunction of the endocrine system are:
- persistent thirst, weight loss, polyuria, a tendency to skin infections, low performance and constant weakness can signal the development of diabetes;
- excessive sweating, weight loss, rapid heartbeat, tremor, irritability and poor heat tolerance are symptoms of thyrotoxicosis or excessive production of thyroid hormones;
- general weakness, weight gain, cold intolerance, dry skin and hair are common signs of hypothyroidism (lack of thyroid hormones);
- In addition, there may be metabolic disorders (a common symptom is obesity), diabetes insipidus, an excess or deficiency of calcium in the body.
An endocrinologist will help to diagnose, select a treatment regimen and adjust hormonal and metabolic levels.
If a patient complains of pain and cramps when urinating, incontinence, low back pain, frequent urge, which doctors do you need to pass? It is possible that the work of the kidneys, ureters, adrenal glands is impaired, and consultation of the urologist is required.
The male urologist or andrologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of prostatitis, inflammatory diseases of the kidneys, bladder and urethra, as well as sexually transmitted infections (chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, genital herpes, etc.).
A female urologist treats inflammatory diseases of the internal and external genital organs, kidney and bladder, urethra. Urogynecology specializes in sexually transmitted infections.
When will a neurologist help?
Neurologists or neurologists - doctors, which are in any clinic or medical center. Practice shows that every person addressed this specialist at least once in his life. A neuropathologist identifies and treats diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system, and it is necessary to contact him if the following disorders and disorders are observed: dizziness, insomnia, excessive irritability, blood pressure jumps, increased sweating, and headaches.
There are a number of neurological diseases in which consultation of a neurologist is necessary:
- spinal pathologies (sciatica, osteochondrosis, hernia);
- violations of cerebral circulation (strokes, heart attacks);
- inflammatory processes in the nerve tissues;
- vestibular disorders.
All of the above specialists need to visit not only when the disease is already there. Routine inspection is the best way to detect the disease at the initial stage and avoid long-term treatment or surgery.
A surgeon should be contacted if surgery is necessary to treat a disease.For example, if you have a severe subcutaneous tumor, your lymph node has become inflamed, even if a nail is dead or a splinter goes deep - in any of these cases you need to visit the surgeon's office first. In this case, with a visit to the surgical office is better not to pull, because there may be more serious complications.