What is the type of hybridization? And how to define it?

What is the type of hybridization? And how to define it?

  1. The essence of the hybridization of atomic orbitals is that the electron of the molecule near the isolated atomic nucleus is not characterized by a separate atomic orbit (AO), but by a linear combination of atomic orbitals with disaggregated atoms. the values ​​of the azimuthal and magnetic quantum numbers. A hybridization process is the interaction of electronic orbitals, leading to the alignment (averaging) of orbitals in form and energy. Look at
    link is blocked by the decision of the project administration
  2. Hybridization is the process of contraction of electron clouds in form and energy
  3. There are many types of hybridization, one should distinguish between hybridization of AO and MO.
    If you take AO: there are several of them: sp3, sp2, sp, sd3, sp2d, sp3d2, etc., this is the most basic, the concept has already been given. This is the process of aligning the orbitals in shape and energy! this means that AOs are located in space at a certain angle, which is called valence, hence the shape of the molecule of matter is determined, why is methane tetrahedral and ethylene triangular? that's exactly the orientation of AO in space, different valence angles.
  4. A person needs to define a complex concept in a simple way, on his fingers: why do they need these highly scientific (though correct) words? Because of such explanations, students do not understand and hate chemistry.
    Go to business. Hybridization is the process of changing the shape and energy of electronic clouds. For example, the carbon atom hadj 1 s - cloud (sphere) and 3 p-clouds (roughly speaking, a dumbbell), and during sp3 hybridization, 4 identical hybrid clouds are formed. Due to the hybrid clouds, only sigma bonds (simple) are formed, so the type of hybridization is determined by the number of simple links. For example, for a carbon atom in methane and other terminal hydrocarbons - for 4 simple bonds, it means sp3. the substance CH2 = C = CH2 the central atom forms the 2 sigma of the bond - means sp
  5. hybridization-the formation of hybrid-new orbitals having the same forms, energy, coupling angle, and other characteristics as a result of the displacement of orbitals of different shapes and energies. It can be sp3, sp2, sp. Defined by a link - if a simple one is sp3, double -sp2, triple - sp
  6. Type is easy to define. On the outer orbital there is one s-cloud and 3 p-clouds. Depending on how many filled orbits there are sp3, sp2, sp hybridization on the outer orbitals.
    But in fact (that is, physically) there is no hybridization. It's just a handy model. For example, in the methane atom, all the 4 bonds of carbon with hydrogen atoms have the same energy (and hence both strength and length). But there are 3 p-orbitals and s-one orbital.
    What is the type of hybridization? And how to define it? Therefore, the type of hybridization is determined by

    and at the same time 4 electronic clouds in the carbon atom are not equal. Apparently all 4 clouds participate in all communications, which makes the hybridization model convenient, but does not reflect the physical essence of the process.
    Read in the literature. Hybridization belongs to the valence bond method. The method of molecular orbitals is more precise. They are often confused. This leads to the fact that many people understand hybridized orbitals as real ones.

What is the type of hybridization? And how to define it? dr, this is the most basic

Related news

What is the type of hybridization And how to define it What is the type of hybridization And how to define it What is the type of hybridization And how to define it What is the type of hybridization And how to define it What is the type of hybridization And how to define it What is the type of hybridization And how to define it What is the type of hybridization And how to define it What is the type of hybridization And how to define it What is the type of hybridization And how to define it What is the type of hybridization And how to define it