What is the most effective fever for children?
If the child has a fever, parents need to know when and how it can be shot down. Today, many medicines are available for patients of different ages. Next, find out if there is effective antipyretic for children.
So, what fever-reducing children exist today? The most common remedy is the medicine Paracetamol. This antipyretic for children comes in a variety of forms. In particular, it can be purchased in a suspended, tablet form. Also sold candles "Paracetamol". Approved for use in younger patients, such a drug as "Ibuprofen". This tool belongs to the category of NSAIDs (nonsteroidal drugs). This medicine is considered to be more effective, because its effect is quite long. Means "Ibuprofen" knocks the temperature for a long time. However, this antipyretic for children has a large number of contraindications and side effects. From a certain age, you can give the main types of medicines.
Some features of the application
The dosage should be prescribed by a doctor. Antipyretic for children under one year can be given often - with an interval of 4-6 hours. However, the total number of receptions should not exceed 3 / day. Most often, antipyretic for children 2 years old comes in the form of suppositories or syrup. In severe cases, it is better to use candles. They help quickly enough, and the child does not need to strain to swallow the medicine. This is especially true when a sore throat with a cold or flu.
What febrifuge is better for a child?
Among a fairly large variety of forms of drugs, parents can often find it difficult to make a choice. Experts recommend, first of all, be guided by the age of the child. Equally important is the predisposition to allergies. The speed of its action depends on the form of the drug. So, for example, the effect of mixtures, chewable tablets, syrups occurs after 20-30 minutes. The action of the candles appears after 40 minutes. It should be noted that not all small patients can swallow a syrup or chew a pill.In this case, antipyretic is used for children in the form of suppositories. Candles are introduced after emptying the bowels. It is best to put them at night. Sweet syrups, various chewable tablets will not suit every child. In such drugs, there are flavors that can provoke an allergic reaction. Active ingredients can also cause side effects. In this regard, it is highly not recommended to select antipyretic drugs for children.
General information about the appointment of funds
When taking this or that medication for the first time, care must be taken. Before using the medication, be sure to visit the pediatrician. It is also necessary to clarify the dosage according to age and carefully read the abstract. The attending physician may prescribe an individual regimen in accordance with the indications. Repeated medication is allowed after at least four hours, if the temperature is over 38.5 and the baby does not tolerate it well enough. It must be remembered that antipyretic drugs for children help alleviate the condition, relieve acute symptoms, but do not eliminate the cause of the disease.The basis of therapy should be medicines aimed at treating the pathology that provoked fever and other manifestations. Next, consider some medications in more detail and try to figure out which febrifuge is better for a child.
Analogues of this drug are such drugs as Panadol, Efferalgun, Kalpol, Dofalgan, Dolomol, Mexalen, Tylenol. With a single reception of the drug "Paracetamol" the temperature drops by 1-1.5 degrees for a period of up to four hours. With a strong fever, it is reduced to 2 hours. The drug "Paracetamol" has not only antipyretic, but also analgesic effect. It is prescribed for pathologies accompanied by fever. In particular, indications include ARVI, teething, otitis media, flu. In the form of suppositories, this medication is recommended as an antipyretic for children 1 year old and younger. It is not allowed to give the drug to patients less than one month old. Special care should be taken when treating children under 3 months., Patients with Gilbert's syndrome, renal and hepatic insufficiency, diabetes, viral hepatitis.The drug can cause anemia, angioedema, thrombocytopenia, methemoglobinemia, rash, itching, and other adverse reactions. With an overdose after a day, nausea, vomiting and appetite may occur. Also, after taking a high dose, there is a disorder of the liver, pale skin.
Instructions for use means "Paracetamol"
The drug is used to reduce the temperature of 38-39 degrees, but not for pain relief. The standard is 10-15 mg / kg orally (orally). The daily amount should not exceed 60 mg / kg. Repeated use of the drug is allowed in case of a new temperature jump to 38 or 39 degrees. As practice shows, in most cases two receptions per day are enough. The duration of the drug is not more than three days. If we talk about which antipyretic is better for a child, then, according to many parents, the drug Paracetamol is the best option.
This antipyretic for children is prescribed if Paracetamol does not help or causes side effects.The tool "Ibuprofen" has its own list of contraindications. It can also trigger undesirable effects. First of all, it should be noted that this antipyretic for children 3 years old is contraindicated. In addition, it is not prescribed a remedy for allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma, urticaria, or cough provoked by the use of NSAIDs. Contraindications are also such pathologies and conditions as blood diseases, impaired hepatic or renal function, lesions in the gastrointestinal tract of an ulcerative nature, hearing loss. Rash, itching, insomnia, pain in the head, nausea, diarrhea, hyperexcitability, cystitis, pain in the stomach can act as side effects. Also, while taking the drug Ibuprofen, there may be disorders in the kidneys, bronchospasm, dizziness, thrombocytopenia, anemia, leukopenia. In case of overdose, the following symptoms may occur: tinnitus, vomiting, acute renal failure, pain in the head and abdomen, tachycardia, metabolic acidosis, hypotension.
According to many parents, this medicine is a good antipyretic for children.It is recommended for a variety of respiratory diseases. As a rule, the homeopathic remedy "Viburcol" is prescribed as an aid to the main medicines as part of a complex treatment. The drug is multicomponent. In its composition there are Pulsatilla, Hamomilla, Conhe, Plantago, Dulcamara, Belladonna. One of the undoubted advantages of this tool is the use of natural ingredients. Due to this, the list of contraindications and side effects is reduced to a minimum. Negative consequences and warnings are associated in most cases with the presence of a predisposition to the occurrence of an allergy to the components present in the product. This, in turn, is a consequence of increased sensitivity to medicinal herbs.
When do I need to give means to reduce the temperature?
Depending on the degree of hyperthermia, fever develops. It can be of two types: pale and pink. In the latter case, it is not always necessary to give antipyretic. The fact is that in this state, heat production corresponds to heat transfer.This means that the body reacts quite adequately to the temperature increase. The child himself feels relatively normal. At the same time, his skin is slightly hyperemic or has a pink color; to the touch it is moist and warm. According to experts in this state, the reception of antipyretic is impractical. If the temperature has not risen to 39 degrees, then instead of medicines it is better to use physical methods. In particular, you need plenty of drink, the room should be no more than 19 degrees. It is recommended that the child be opened and wiped with a damp towel (the temperature of the water should be equal to room temperature). With a pale fever, medications are indispensable. At the same time, not only antipyretic is necessary, antihistamines and vasodilators are prescribed for children. With pale fever, the return of heat with its high output is inadequate. This is due to impaired peripheral circulation. In this case, the further forecast is very unfavorable, and it is necessary to bring down the temperature. The condition of the child is very unsatisfactory: his skin is pale, his legs and hands become cold, and a strong chill begins.
Recommendations of specialists
Medicines that bring down the temperature can be given:
- Up to three months at temperatures above 38 degrees.
- From 3 months, healthy patients, with t above 39C, which is accompanied by pain in the head, muscles.
- Children with cardiac or pulmonary pathologies at temperatures above 38.5 degrees. after consultation with the doctor.
- In the presence of febrile seizures and t 38C.
Patients who are prescribed antibiotics, antipyretics are contraindicated. If, in addition to the elevated temperature of the child, pains in the stomach area are absent and there are no cold symptoms, it is necessary to immediately call a doctor and not give any temperature reducing agents before his arrival. Such a condition may be a sign of a serious pathology that requires emergency assistance (appendicitis, for example). With the development of severe hyperthermia, vascular spasms of the skin, you must call a doctor, to give antipyretic. You also need to rub the skin of the child to redness. The doctor should also be called in if, besides the temperature, the child has diarrhea or vomiting, rapid, slowed or difficulty breathing, the baby drinks little water, there is rash on the body.Signs of dehydration are the appearance of bad breath, drowsiness, apathy, no tears, rare urination, hemorrhages are noted on the skin, and after a slight improvement, the condition worsened dramatically.
What should not be given at high temperatures?
Such drugs as Amidopyrine, Antipyrine, and Phenacetin are excluded from the list of antipyretic drugs. The drug "Analgin" is considered very toxic, in this regard, it is strictly not recommended to give at high temperature. These drugs have various side effects and contraindications. In particular, the tool "Analgin" can provoke a strong allergy. Not recommended and the drug "Aspirin" for children. In patients with chickenpox, influenza, or ARVI, this medication can cause severe encephalopathy (Ray's syndrome), with a high risk of death. Means "Analgin" is prescribed only in extreme cases. For example, if a child has intolerance to other drugs or, if necessary, to perform intramuscular administration. Injections should be done by a specialist.
Many parents use rubbing with vinegar or alcohol. So they tend to bring down the temperature, without resorting to medication. However, these methods are dangerous for children up to three years. This is due to the fact that through the pores in the skin, the active absorption of the components of the solutions used occurs. This, in turn, is fraught with child poisoning. To facilitate the state, it is necessary to give a lot of fluid. Drinking can be quite varied juices. Very useful in this case, fruit drinks (cherry, cranberry, lingonberry). You can use herbs, infusions, decoctions. In any case, before giving something to the child, it is necessary to visit the pediatrician. Independent administration of drugs is fraught with serious consequences. Only a specialist can diagnose and recommend adequate treatment.