How does a university differ from an institute? Institute and university: what is the difference
Future applicants often doubt their choice because they do not know the answer to a simple question: how does a university differ from an institute? The quality of training and the possibilities of further employment after these two types of universities are almost the same, but some significant differences still exist.
The determination of the concept of "university"
People who are going to enroll in this or that educational institution should know what the difference is between the institute and the university. The definition of "university" gives exactly domestic legislation. It stipulates that by this concept it is necessary to understand a higher educational institution where specialists and masters from different fields of science are trained (at least 7 differentiated branches).In addition to achieving educational goals, universities usually conduct scientific work, and therefore are equipped with physical, mathematical, genetic, linguistic, and other laboratories. Also to the specific characteristics of this type of universities can be attributed a combination of studying the humanities and natural sciences.
Determination of the concept of "institution"
The institute is a higher education institution where education and training of specialists in one particular direction are carried out. Usually, the vector of the institute’s work is quite broad and is not limited to studying, for example, only one foreign language (institute of foreign languages). However, future applicants should establish for themselves how the university differs from the institute, since the type of diploma obtained, the level of training and the possibility of further scientific activity depend on it.
The institution does not have to be a separate legal entity. It can be a division of the university, which is quite common in practice. Such an emphasis is aimed at ensuring that the students of the institute can study the chosen subject in depth without various additional disciplines.
However, the curriculum of such an institution is characterized by simplification. It manifests itself in a weakening of the level of training and development opportunities in other areas of science.
Major differences between university and institute
The main differences between the university and the institute include:
1. The university literally means “universal”, and the institute is a narrow educational institution. It is this criterion that is essential for obtaining an answer to the question of how the university differs from the institute.
2. The term of study at a university is usually from 5 to 6 years, while at the institute it is possible to get a specialist degree after 4 years of study. This criterion cannot be considered as a baseline, but it shows the level of training in the two institutions being compared.
3. Level of training. Many prospective students are interested in how deeply and professionally there will be training in the same disciplines offered by the institute and the university. The difference in this case exists, but not enormous. This is due to the prestige, status and increased funding of the university.
4. The number of disciplines.The university offers in one direction from 5 to 17 disciplines, and the institute - about 3-8. This criterion directly depends on the type and amount of funding of the institution. Almost all Moscow institutes and universities offer a vast number of areas of research in the humanities and the natural and mathematical sciences.
Difference between university and institute: criteria for teaching staff
In order for an educational institution to be recognized by a university, most teachers must have a high academic degree, namely:
- 60% of teachers must have a degree "associate professor" and above. To obtain the status of an institution, 55% of lecturers with a scientific degree are required.
- For every 100 university students, there should be four graduate students (the institute must fulfill these requirements with a 100: 2 ratio).
- An additional requirement for obtaining university status is the protection of research projects by at least four graduate students per year.
- University faculties, as a rule, have a greater number of departments than institutes.
The difference between the university and the institute: the ratio of practical and theoretical foundations
Universities are focusing precisely on the study of the theory, which creates a reliable foundation for the further development and improvement of applicants. Practical classes in this educational institution make up only about 20-25% of study time. University students have the opportunity to study not only core disciplines, but also subjects of related industries.
Almost all institutions direct their activities specifically to mastering skills, leaving only 30-40% of the curriculum for the theory. Therefore, most of the time, students discuss specific life situations, work in laboratories, performing additional independent tasks.
Such a system of work of the institute is rather a plus than a minus, since students immediately after graduating from an educational institution can begin work because they have developed practical skills. Adaptation to the workplace occurs quickly, and the performance of work duties does not require additional internship or reprofiling.
The difference between universities and institutions: structure
The division of a university into faculties (7 or more of different profiles) can be considered traditional, and the latter into departments.The university is headed by the rector, who has two or more deputies (one directs the academic work, and the second - educational and organizational activities). The faculties are headed by deans, and individual departments are heads with appropriate specializations.
The structure of the institute is simpler because it is headed by a director who may have one or more deputies. Individual faculties may be headed by deans or heads with relevant specializations.
The differences between universities and institutes outlined above are an excellent guide for choosing an educational institution that will meet all your wishes and relevant criteria. This question is really important not only for future applicants, but also for scientific and administrative staff. It should be noted that the most detailed information about these differences can be found in the current national legislation. It is his thorough research that will help to give an exhaustive answer to the question of how the university differs from the institute.