What is separatism?
Separatism is the aspiration of a certain territory for separation, separation from the state with the aim of creating a new state entity or an autonomous region.
Some politicians assert that such a movement asseparatism is, first of all, the conflict of the people with the acting authorities, while others see it as a national liberation process. But its signs are equally expressed in a clash of interests, sides and forces.
Separatism in the world
Separatism arises in the territorialheterogeneous states, where there are various nationalist associations. The disagreement of individual groups with the political regime of the country leads to actions aimed at secession from a single state.
Countries such as Croatia, Bosnia, Montenegro,Slovenia, Bangladesh and others, successfully defended their right to independence. But most often the separatist movements end with the proclamation of the autonomy of a particular region, as it was in Nigeria (Biafra), Zaire (Shaba), the communes of Chad.
Since separatists threatenstate power, the authorities try to suppress their influence, which often leads to armed clashes. On this basis, interstate and interethnic conflicts arise.