What is epilepsy? An attack is not a sentence
Epilepsy is a fairly common disease of the brain, which is characterized by impaired motor, mental and autonomic functions. At the same time, between attacks of the patient, as a rule, is no different from healthy people. But it is necessary to take into account that a single attack is not a disease yet. Epilepsy is characterized by spontaneous, recurring seizures. How they look, and whether this disease is treated, we will tell in our article.
Epilepsy - focal attack
With partial or local attacks (focal), the patient has convulsions or numbness of the face or other parts of the body (usually the extremities). Focal seizures are also manifested by short-term hallucinations, including both visual and olfactory. Sometimes this feeling of deja vu, in which the patient perceives any situation as already seen. Sometimes - the influx of unmotivated fear. Moreover, the patient does not lose consciousness, continuing to automatically perform the action in which the attack interfered.This phenomenon lasts up to 30 seconds, and from the side it seems that a person is simply absorbed in his work.
Epilepsy - a generalized convulsive seizure
Generalized convulsive seizures are accompanied by loss of consciousness. The patient, as a rule, falls sharply, and he begins to tonic contraction of the muscles, including the chest and abdomen, which leads to the cessation of breathing. This causes a blue face and high blood pressure. The arms and legs involuntarily bend, and then the extension phase occurs, as a result of which the patient is arched by an arc. Often, biting of the tongue or the inner surface of the cheeks occurs during uncovered epileptic seizures. This is noticeable by staining the blood foam that appears on the lips. The tonic phase switches to the clonic one in 30 seconds. At this time muscle twitching occurs. Muscle relaxation at the end of an attack sometimes leads to incontinence and bowel movements. The seizure ends spontaneously with the onset of confusion, headache and drowsiness.
Epilepsy - seizure abscess
Non-convulsive epileptic seizures (absans) are more common than convulsive. They are characteristic of childhood and early adolescence.The patient at the time of such an attack stops and looks at one point. At the same time, his eyes are empty. This may last for a few seconds and go unnoticed. Complicated absences include other symptoms: smacking, stroking clothes, walking, or loss of muscle tone when the head is thrown back, wrists or the whole body relax. These states also fall out of the memory of the patient and are not recognized by him.
Is epilepsy treated?
The time when epilepsy was considered a verdict has already gone down in history, and a man was bound hand and foot by his illness. Modern diagnostic tools allow you to accurately determine the types of attacks and pick up drugs that will remove their sharpness and frequency. There is also a surgical method of getting rid of epilepsy, in which the center of the onset of seizures is destroyed in the brain. It is only necessary to remember that with the exact implementation of the recommendations of the attending physician, the concepts of "epilepsy", "attack" will no longer be decisive in the full life of the patient.