What is an air hole? Airplane flight
Many people are afraid to fly planes. Psychologists say that there is even such a thing as "aerophobia." Patients with such a diagnosis experience real horror at the thought of taking to the air. The strongest negative emotions cause air pockets and turbulence. Such moments are unpleasant even for those who do not feel the fear of flying. However, the pilots claim that in fact it is quite a normal natural phenomenon, which can be explained by the scientific language, and it will not bring any trouble to the passengers of the airliner. Today we decided to tell you what a pit is really like and whether it is worth being afraid of it.
Explanation of the term
It is quite difficult for an ordinary person to understand what the air hole really is. Everyone understands that in the sky there is no highway and road surface, and, therefore, there can be no holes. For example, when it comes to driving anyone, it is absolutely clear that there may be an obstacle or a pit on the road, which an experienced driver can steer.But what if you fall into an air hole? Is it possible to pass it? And how dangerous is it? We will answer all these questions in the following sections of the article. But let's understand this difficult topic gradually.
Scientists have long found that air flows are heterogeneous. They have different directions, temperatures and even densities. All this affects airliners following certain routes. In the case when the plane meets on the way the flow of a lower temperature, it creates a complete illusion of a short fall. Then we usually say that the ship fell into a pit. However, in reality this is just an illusion that can be easily explained with the help of modern science.
Descending and ascending flows
To understand how air holes are formed, it is necessary to get a complete picture of the movement of air currents. According to the laws of physics, the heated air always rises, and the cooled air descends. Warm streams are called ascending, they always ascend upwards. And the cold air is considered to be descending, and he, like a funnel, pulls down everything that comes his way.
It is because of the movement of these streams that air pockets, so disliked by passengers, are formed when flying. They make travelers experience very unpleasant feelings that many people can not forget for a long time.
The principle of the formation of air holes
Despite the fact that the modern aircraft industry has long equipped its new aircraft with an abundance of technological innovations designed to make the flight comfortable and safe, so far no one has managed to save passengers from the unpleasant sensations caused by descending air masses. So, the plane got into the airhole. What happens to him at this moment?
Even when flying in good weather conditions, an airliner may encounter a stream of cold air. Since it is descending, it begins to significantly slow down the rate of recovery of the aircraft. It is noteworthy that in a straight line it goes with the same indicators, but it loses a little height. It usually lasts only a few moments.
Then the airliner meets with the upward flow, which begins to push it up. This allows the aircraft to gain the previous height and continue the flight in normal mode.
Sensations of passengers
Those who never got into the air holes is quite difficult to understand how the passengers feel about the aircraft. People usually complain that they have cramps in the stomach, nausea and even weightlessness lasting for a fraction of seconds. All this is accompanied by the illusion of falling, which is perceived as realistic as possible. The combination of sensations leads to uncontrollable fear, it is he who in the future does not allow most people to safely transfer flights and causes aerophobia.
Is it worth panicking?
Unfortunately, none of the most professional pilot will be able to bypass the air pocket. It is impossible to fly around and even the brand and class of the aircraft will not be able to protect passengers from unpleasant impressions.
Pilots claim that at the time of falling into the downward flow of the plane for a while loses control. But there is no reason to panic because of this, this situation lasts no more than a few seconds, and besides unpleasant sensations does not threaten travelers.
However, it is necessary to know that the airliner is under severe pressure in the airhole. At this point, the plane enters the "bumpiness" or turbulence, which, in turn, adds to the frightened passengers discomfort.
Turbulence in Brief
This phenomenon gives travelers a lot of inconvenience, but in fact it is not dangerous and can not lead to the crash of an airliner. It is believed that the load on the aircraft during turbulence is no higher than on a car that moves on a rough road.
A turbulence zone is formed when air flows at different speeds occur. At this point, vortex waves are formed, which cause a "bumpiness". It is noteworthy that on some routes, turbulence occurs regularly. For example, during flights over the mountains the plane always shakes. Such zones are quite long, and the "bumpiness" can last from a few minutes to half an hour.
Causes of turbulence
We have already talked about the most common reason for the emergence of the "chatter", but, in addition to this, other factors can also cause it. For example, an air liner that flew in front often contributes to the formation of turbulence, and they, in turn, form a zone of turbulence.
Not far from the surface of the earth, the air is heated unevenly, therefore, vortex flows are created, which cause turbulence.
It is noteworthy that the pilots compare flights in the clouds to traffic on the highway with holes and bumps. Therefore, in cloudy weather, passengers most often experience all the “charms” of a flight in a shaking plane.
Most passengers seriously believe that turbulence can break the tightness of the cabin and lead to a crash. But in fact this is the safest phenomenon of all. The history of air travel does not know the case when hit in the "bumpy" would lead to fatal consequences.
Aircraft designers always lay in the body of the aircraft a certain margin of safety, which will quite easily withstand both turbulence and thunderstorms. Of course, this phenomenon causes passengers anxiety, unpleasant emotions and even panic. But in fact, you just need to calmly wait out this moment without giving in to your own fear.
How to behave during the flight: a few simple rules
If you are very afraid of flying, and thoughts about air holes and turbulence cause you to feel horror, then try to follow a number of simple rules that will greatly facilitate your condition:
- do not drink alcohol during the flight, it will only aggravate unpleasant emotions;
- try to drink water with lemon, it will relieve nausea when it enters air pockets;
- Before you travel, set yourself up in a positive way, otherwise you will be tormented all the time by foreboding and negative emotions;
- be sure to wear your seat belts; passengers may be injured while passing through the turbulence zone;
- if you are very afraid of flying, then choose a larger model of aircraft that are less sensitive to all sorts of shaking.
We hope that after reading our article, your fear of flights will become less acute, and your next air journey will be easy and pleasant.