Unusual Italian army truck from World War II with the touching name SPA

8-02-2018, 23:30
In 1906, two Italians, Matteo Cheirano and Michele Ansaldi, founded in the city of Turin machine-building company SPA. It was deciphered as Societa Piemontese Automobili Ansaldi-Ceirano (i.e. Piedmontese Ansaldi-Cheyrano Automobile Society).

Unusual Italian army truck from World War II with the touching name SPA

They began with the production of aircraft engines, and in 1910 engaged in army chain driven trucks developed with the participation of FIAT. Cars these quickly became popular. They fought in Libya in 1912, in the First world and even in the civil war in Russia.

Unusual Italian army truck from World War II with the touching name SPA

Brutal, heavy, powerful. Stylish tractor, or Italian SUV World War II. From the side, he looks like a stalking bear. Large tractor wheels enhance the image of an impregnable beast. At home Michelangelo Buonarroti is an expert in architectural craft. And they all thought out in detail both in the external appearance of the car, and his inner space.Holders for weapons, many drawers for equipment - all for the convenience of fighters, but the rear winch - apparently exclusively for aesthetics. It was created for the Italian royal an army under the dictatorship of Mussolini.

Unusual Italian army truck from World War II with the touching name SPA

In the late 30s in the competition for the best design of light artillery tractor (up to 6 tons), conducted by order of the Italian military department, between Fiat auto company represented by a subsidiary SPA (Societa Piemonese Automibili) and Breda’s arms manufacturer (full name Breda Meccanica Bresciana) choose the first. Established in 1906, SPA entered Fiat in 1925 and was used as a division the parent company for the production of commercial and military transport until 1947, when the SPA is fully integrated under wing auto Fiat.

Unusual Italian army truck from World War II with the touching name SPA

In 1938, the first SPA TL37 vehicle rolled off the assembly line of the plant. Him developed by engineer Emilio Martinotti (Emilio Martinotti), predetermined the main constructive and stylistic principles of many subsequent military vehicles brand SPA. On the basis of the tractor TL37 SPA AS37 trucks and armored cars were also built: SPA S37 (Autoprotetto) and SPA AS43.

Unusual Italian army truck from World War II with the touching name SPA

And so, what is unusual about this truck is the X-shaped transmission. four diagonal shaft with wheel gears. Elegant Design a solution that explodes the brain of mechanics and repairmen. But that's not all: there was no starter on the tractor, engine charging only from the handle.
The diagram clearly shows that there are two to the right and left of the checkpoint. two-stage "hand-outs", from which on each wheel there is a separate driveshaft. Such a scheme allows you to create a car with a giant road lumen, independent suspension and full transmission blocking off road Developed such a drive scheme talented Italian engineer Hugo Pavezi. This scheme has not received distribution, apparently, in because of the complexity, weight and cost. It's a pity! However, another invention Pavezi - scheme and mechanism of rotation by a hinged articulated frame used today, on tractors, all-terrain vehicles and other special equipment.

Unusual Italian army truck from World War II with the touching name SPA

The tractor was widely delivered to the Eastern Front, but the big profit is not has taken its toll. Any Italian technique was simply not intended to work in winter conditions. General Frost did his job. Italian The campaign against Russia ended sadly and ingloriously, almost unnoticed.


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