Unpaid work of women at home was estimated at 13% of world GDP
Unpaid work of women in the home and care for children and patients makes up about 13% of world GDP. Such a conclusion was made by the authors of a study conducted by the international association of the anti-poverty organization Oxfam.
According to their data, women around the world do much more unpaid work related to cleaning and cooking, as well as caring for children and the sick, than men. According to experts, this is due to a lack of investment in the appropriate infrastructure and public services.
Depending on the region, the difference between men and women in this regard can be from two to ten times, and in developing countries it is higher. The cost of the contribution of women’s unpaid domestic labor to the economy is estimated at $ 10 trillion a year, which is about 13% of world GDP and exceeds the combined GDP of India, Japan and Brazil.
At the same time, because of the free and often unavoidable household work, women lose the opportunity to get an education and a paid position, or they refuse to work at a salary. There are 700 million fewer women in the world who are engaged in paid work than men.
The study also notes that all over the world women are more at risk of becoming poor than men, on average they are less protected and receive lower salaries. According to Oxfam experts, now the world average pay gap for women and men is 23%. In 155 countries of the world there is at least one law that gives men greater economic rights than women.
Researchers also note that in the past 20 years, there has been some progress. Thus, a greater number of girls were able to receive school education, in many states laws appeared to combat violence against women, and a greater number of women occupied leading posts. Despite this, it will take 170 years to achieve absolute equality in work, wages and economic rights.
Currently, in 67 developing countries, about 20% of men are opposed to women working for wages.With a shortage of jobs, almost 40% of people in the world believe that men should have a priority right to them compared to women, regardless of the experience and quality of work of those and other candidates.