The population of Italy (briefly). Features of the population of Italy
The country is located on which resembles the shape of a boot. The date of foundation of the republic is June 2, 1946. Territory - 301 thousand km ². Italy belongs to the developed countries with a capitalist economic system. The country is in the EEC (now EU) since 1957, in NATO - since 1949, in the UN - since 1955. As in any modern society, anti-aging of the population, legalization of emigration and other urgent problems related to demography , are the priorities of state policy in the development of the country.
A brief overview of the modern population
At present, the population of Italy is 61,800 thousand people. This figure includes citizens of the country, labor migrants and illegal immigrants. The number of urban residents reaches 68%. The male population is 49%, or 30,256 thousand people. The migration for the past period in 2015 is close to 150 thousand.
The population of Italy is 93.5% of the indigenous people (Italians), and the rest is mainly Albanians, Romanians and Arabs.The Russian diaspora numbers 130 thousand people.
The official language is Italian. In some provinces, the right to use minority languages is granted. The capital is Rome. The population in the main city of Italy, taking into account the surrounding area, is close to 4 million inhabitants.
Since ancient times, various tribes have settled on the territory of modern Italy, but according to accepted data, the Ligurians are considered to be the indigenous population. They, as historians believe, gave the name of the island of Sicily and the region in the area of Genoa. The rest of the peoples inhabited the peninsula from the outside. One of the tribes that settled off the Mediterranean coast and gave the name of the country, were Italians, whose structure of society was divided by gender. They were composed of Latins, Umber and Osk. The north was inhabited by venety.
For a thousand years before our era, the mysterious tribes of the Etruscans invaded the Apennines, whose high culture marked the beginning of the rapid development of Italians and other nationalities. Over the next several centuries, the population of Italy gradually came under the control of tusks, or Tyrrhenians (the so-called Etruscan natives), and by the 6th century BC, this nation formed a dynasty of Roman kings.Despite its high development, the Etruscans did not succeed in creating a single state capable of confronting an external enemy, and as a result of this imperfection, in the 5th century Italy was invaded by the Gauls. By 510 BC. e., after repeated wars, tusks were expelled, and in Rome was established a republic.
At different times, the primacy of the number of inhabitants passed to different cities. Greek colonization condensed Sicily, medieval Venice was not inferior to its contemporaries, and before the complete unification of the country, Naples was the largest city. The population of Italy in the past had a tendency to migrate within the country. Mostly Southerners moved to a more developed North. The current situation on the density of residence is primarily due to the state of the economy and the availability of jobs in the regions of the country.
Italy is considered the most populous country in Europe. The density of inhabitants is uneven, and an increase in this indicator is observed towards the more developed northern regions of the state. The largest number of citizens live in the plains of Lombardy, Liguria and Campania. According to population density, which, for example, for Naples is about 2500 people per km², cities can be compared with the largest settlements of Eurasia.At the same time, no more than 35 people per square kilometer live in the mountains.
The population of Italy is not distinguished by the presence of a large number of ethnic groups. Italians make up 94%, and the rest of the inhabitants are:
- To Asians - 2.5%. This group includes Chinese, Koreans, Indians and people from Sri Lanka.
- To Europeans - 1.5% (Swiss, Russians, Ukrainians, Austrians, Romanians, Poles, Slovenes, and others).
- To immigrants from the states of the Maghreb - 1.5%.
- To the natives of South America - 0.5% (Brazilians, Venezuelans, Colombians, Argentines).
The nationalities inhabiting the state in their present form mostly migrate illegally or come on work visas. The authorities carefully control the illegal crossing of the border, and the residence permit is very reluctant.
Where do ethnic groups live and what is the population of Italy? This is a frequently asked question by tourists. Although other nationalities, nations and nationalities are represented by an insignificant number (about 6%) of the total number of inhabitants, nevertheless the geography of residence is vast.
The north of the country is inhabited by Romans, whose number reaches 350,000 people.There also lives the French diaspora in the amount of over 70,000 citizens. 50,000 Yugoslavs (Serbs and Croats) emigrated to this region, while the Greeks (30,000) and Albanians (80,000) settled in the south and in famous Sicily. In addition, on the island of Sardinia, there are about 10,000 Catalans and 50,000 Jews.
Faith is an integral part of the life of almost every Italian. The location of the Vatican in Rome - the center of Catholicism - determines the adherence of this religion to more than 90% of the inhabitants. In each city there are ancient temples that maintain in good condition the authorities and the population of the country. Italy tends to be tolerant of other religions, which over the past decades has been particularly emphasized by the head of the Catholic Church - the Pope.
In different parts of the country there are religious communities that profess Islam, Judaism, various directions of Christianity and Eastern beliefs. In addition, as in every state, there are various sects and religious societies.
Capital and major cities
The main city of the state is Rome. About 3 million people live directly in the capital, and with the agglomeration the number of inhabitants reaches 4 million.The population of Italian cities is more than 60%, and in 7 large of them 12% of residents are concentrated. The largest city is Milan with a population of 7.5 million, followed by Rome, Naples and Turin. Internal migration between cities is significantly inferior to movement across the EU, which annually reaches 2 million. Most of the population migrates to the United States.
Features of the population of Italy
Italians are known around the world for specialties, mafia, cars, opera and many more attractions. The peculiarities of the inhabitants include their unique temperament, the presence of a mass of talented performers of various musical genres and the admiration of the male half of the beauty of women.
Each province, city or village has its own local customs, but it is an indisputable law for every Italian to honor their own family. Love for loved ones is transferred to the inhabitants of the Apennines from early childhood and is supported by education until old age.
The most modern feature is the commitment to football. Famous teams bear the names of cities and bring the Italians happiness from victories in all prestigious championships. The game of football rallies the people of Italy.The photo in the firm form of the native club has become one of the traditions of the locals.
40% of the population is the economically active population of Italy. Briefly, the financial state of the country in the current decade can be called a crisis and a dead end in its development. The steady increase in unemployment, which exceeds 2 million people, cannot stop the measures taken by the government of the country, and donor assistance provides an annual increase in foreign debt. The consequences of the 2008 crisis are not yet eliminated, and the economy is constantly in a state of stagnation.
With a per capita GDP of $ 15,000, the debt of each Italian for foreign borrowings is almost 40,000. Italy’s total external debt exceeds $ 2.4 trillion, while this year more than 36 billion were attracted to the economy.
According to statistics, the number of working women in the country reaches 41% of the total working-age population. According to analytical calculations, this figure will equal the number of men by 2033. Most of the weaker sex occupy positions of managers at various levels.
The population is mainly employed in the following sectors of the economy:
- service industry;
- processing industry;
- automotive industry and machine tool industry.
Concerns "Fiat", "Olivetti", "Benetton" and others can be attributed to global manufacturers. In agriculture, the population is employed in crop production. Rice, grapes, citrus fruits, tomatoes and other agricultural products are grown in industrial quantities.
The majority of Italian citizens and people who have immigrated to the country have a higher education. But at the present time it’s almost impossible to get a job by profession, and able-bodied people are forced to work in several enterprises at the same time. Such employment does not provide effective earnings, often the average salary of part-time workers in general does not exceed 1 thousand euros. Two and more types of work are available only to the young population, but living expenses are almost equal to income, which does not contribute to the growth of the country's economy as a whole.
Existing unemployment forces Italians to look for job openings in foreign markets. The most popular destinations for labor migration in the country are Germany, France and the USA.