The origin, mystery and meaning of the name Hope
Is it possible to imagine a person who does not have a name? Definitely not. The sound of a word that accompanies a person throughout life has at all times had a sacral meaning and in many respects determined the fate of its carrier. In modern science there is even a separate section of linguistics, which studies the proper names - onomastic (from the Greek "onoma" - "name").
Interest in your name
The feminine name Hope, unfortunately, is not so popular with modern young parents, like any other, has its own history of the origin and change of forms, ups and downs of popularity. Any person is interested in the history of his name. An exception is not the owner of the name Hope. The meaning of the name, the nature, the hidden possibilities, the fateful experience, and, most importantly, the warnings against mistakes, force people to regularly refer to interpreters of names.
To understand the history and meaning of the name Hope, it is necessary to go back to the depths of the centuries, when our ancestors took the name of the newborn very seriously, determining the fate of their children as their future name.If we talk about Slavic names, then we can conventionally single out three historical periods that influenced the history of the use of personal names among the Russian population.
Slavic names of pre-Christian Russia
In pre-Christian Russia, man was supposed to carry two names. The first was secret, sacred. He was given to a child at birth, determining his fate and the patronage of the gods. Besides parents, this name was not supposed to be known to anyone. It was believed that this was how the child was protected from the interference of evil forces in his life. The second name, original, personal, was nothing more than a nickname. It was the middle name that knew the whole environment, and it was given to the child later, at the time of its socialization. A nickname was chosen on any basis: on a family account (Pervak, Vtorak, Tretyak), on external data (Belyak), on character (Dobrynya), time of birth, etc.
How did the Christian names of the Slavs?
In the historical period after baptism, along with the Christian rites, the Orthodox Church began to impose foreign-language names. All of them at one time were borrowed by the Byzantine church from the ancient languages of different nations.The church imposed a ban on many names associated with pagan deities, and from the 10th century, at the behest of Kievan prince Vladimir, Russian Christian babies were given new babies at baptism.
It was during this historical period that Orthodox Christians received the name Hope. The origin and significance of this name mentally carry us away to Rome of the II century, to the history of Christian saints revered in the face of martyrs - Pistis, Elpis, Agape and their mother Sophia.
The history of the Christian sisters-martyrs and the path to the Slavic imenos
Heavy trials have fallen to the share of three sisters who have not yet reached the age of majority. The girls were tortured by violence and torture on the orders of Emperor Adrian, who became famous for persecuting Christians. The girls raised by their mother, pious Christians, did not give up and gave their lives for their faith in Christ. The eldest sister Elpis, according to legend, was 10 years old. The terrible was the death of the sisters. After the death, the tortured bodies were given to their mother, Sophia. She could not bear the pain of loss and, having buried her daughters, died three days later.
The ancient Greek names of the martyr sisters were traced (translated) first into Latin, and then other languages.The translation of the name Sophia (“wisdom”) in the imenology of the Slavs has not taken root and remains unchanged until now. Thus, the feast of the holy martyrs Faith, Hope, Love and their mother Sophia, celebrated by the Christian religion, appeared. The Orthodox Church celebrates it every year on September 17th.
Hope - a universal concept for the Slavs
The name Hope, the origin and significance of which became clear to the Slavs due to the translation of the liturgical books from the ancient Greek language, appeared in the Russian imenology from the 9th century. But like the names of the sisters of Faith and Lyubov, the origin of the name Hope was attributed to ancient times, and these words were perceived as nominal, universal notions. This fact did not allow them to become personal names for a long time.
In the Slavic manuscripts of the XIV-XVI centuries there were only one-time references to the nominal word, which rather sounded like a nickname, which in itself explained the meaning of the name Hope. After all, people are accustomed to give nicknames for any signs or qualities. In those days Nadezhey could name a dreamy person and a believer in a better life.
Hope becomes a personal name
The attitude to the use of this name in the baptism of infants was changed by Empress Elizaveta Petrovna, who was known as a strong opponent of foreigners in Russia. The middle of the XVIII century was marked by a wave of patriotism among Orthodox Christians. The names Faith, Hope and Love among the whole list of revered saints were the only sounding in Russian. For their understanding did not require translation. What does the name Hope, it was clear to everyone.
The pioneers in the baptism of their daughters by the name of Hope became the nobility. Of the thousands of noblewomen of the second half of the 18th century, about 30 women bore this name.
By their example, Hopes appeared among the merchant community and peasants. The secret of the name Nadezhda was passed down from generation to generation, endowing the owners, as they thought, with a happy fate. By the beginning of the 19th century, its popularity had almost doubled. Among the nobles, about 40% were so named, in the merchant environment - 25%, and among the peasants - 5% of infants.
The rise in popularity of the name
In the studies of the historian V.A. Nikonov was demonstrated indisputable facts, indicating a continued increase in the popularity of the female name Hope.Interest in him did not fade until the 60s of the XX century. This popularity was not prevented by the new trend of imitation, which appeared among the Russian population and came to the scholarly book as a consequence of the revolution. Newly created personal names (Vilen, Oktyabrina, Barrikada, Ninel, and others) could not oust the Christian - Faith, Hope and Love, even in spite of atheistic propaganda. What the name Hope stands for was clear to both a believer and an atheist.
The newborn girls in the country of the Soviets were called Hope in the city and in the countryside. Therefore, it is justifiably included in the list of names of mass distribution. It is interesting to note that, according to statistics collected by the Soviet linguist A. V. Superanskaya, with a general peak of popularity, this name was not so common in Leningrad. Here it is rare. Few people knew what the name Hope meant, and the frequency of its use was always kept at the same level (25 per 1000). But there was no explanation for this fact.
The years of oblivion and the revival of ancient names
A sharp decline in interest in the name Hope occurred in the late 70s of the last century.Many linguists agree that in the post-revolutionary years the name of Nadezhda Krupskaya was the personification of a bright future that built a society of workers and peasants. This was the reason for its high popularity. At that time, few people were interested in the origin of the name Hope.
Distorted in the perception of the name and alienated from human values. All the titanic work of the builders of communism was carried out under the slogan of hope for an equal and happy life. But when the period of post-war restoration of the economy and all-Union construction projects ended, the new values of democracy led to the rejection of much of the old life, including names.
A century after the atheistic revolutionary boom, people once again turn to the faith, study the history of Orthodoxy, traditions, and return to the old Christian names. The beginning of the XXI century demonstrates the genuine desire of the Russian population to know and preserve their roots, the Slavic culture. Old Slavonic names today are considered a strong talisman, therefore modern parents show great interest in the origin of names.Faith, Hope and Love reappear among the resurgent personal names. And the secret name Hopeand its usable forms attract more expectant parents.
Common Name Forms
The value of the name Hope is just as important for its owner as the form of the name. Prospective parents are trying in advance to find out all the possible options for what their child can be called. It is a well-known fact that a name obtained at birth changes its forms throughout its life: from diminutive, used in childhood, to the officially accepted combination of name and patronymic.
The first Old Russian form of the name came to the Slavic language as Nadezhya. In the same spoken language sounded Nadezha or Nadezh. And during the post-revolutionary transformation of names, there was also a variant of Nadia, where the traditional form of ending many female names was added to the truncated name (-and I).
Modern options can be in full form - Hope, brief - Nadia and diminutive - Nadia, Nadya, Nadezhdushka.
At all times, it was believed that the names that were endowed with people had not only the magic power of protection and protection, but also formed the character and certain abilities of a person.
Brightness and activity of the little Hopes
The centuries-old observations of the characters and behavior of people with a certain name are reflected in detail in the horoscopes of names today.The value of the name Hope for a girl should tell the parents what their child will be like in their childhood.
Hope - the leaders in essence. And this character trait must necessarily appear in early childhood, as soon as the girl has the opportunity to rule someone. From the first years of life, parents will observe in their Nadusha a mischievous sparkle in their eyes and boyish enthusiasm, mobility and activity. She is a lover of noisy and fun games, especially in large companies where it is possible to appoint yourself as a commander. But the activity of the girl will always depend on the mood, which, as a rule, leads to frequent offenses of little friends. Hope itself will be of little concern. In moments of sadness and despondency, she can be irritable and intolerant, so these minutes it’s better not to disturb the girl, but to give her an opportunity to cope with the sadness herself. As soon as her mood rises, it will immediately reflect on her friends: once again she will be merry and noisy around.
Hope needs attention
What does the name Hope in relation to study mean? In many ways, gifted, she is at the same time and restless. Daily cramming or monotonous exercises she perceives as a titanic work. The task of parents in the period of study is to arouse the interest of the girl to learn new things. At first it will be a game interest, and at school age - the interest of achievements (the leader must be successful).
At the stage of shaping the character of the future woman, mother and mistress, parents should pay close attention to the life history of famous owners of this name and understand the meaning of the name Hope for a girl. Lack of attention and upbringing can manifest itself in the greed and greed of the little one. Therefore, care and custody of adults, timely explanation of what is good and what is bad, the so-called debriefing for little Nadya is very important.
The value of the name Hope for a child is no less relevant than for an adult woman. The only difference is that the owners of the name will know the details about their character at a conscious age, and the baby's parents are more interested in the children's period.
Hope is not only a dream, but also a will
Historical experience paints the character of the name Nadezhda by a strong-willed, purposeful, not devoid of adventurism. These features do not detract from her femininity, which Hope very skillfully used in all situations of life. In amorous affairs, they can be called amorous heartbreakers, enjoying their own sufferings and making their half suffer. If Hope is not destined to become a professional actress, then her artistic talent she will always find application in everyday life.
The correct priority of interests and order in life come to Hope after marriage and the birth of children. At this stage, she will show herself as a true mistress of the house, hardworking and attentive to her household.
Famous owners of the name Nadezhda
Among the Russian Hope there are many famous personalities who left an honorable mark in history, and the meaning of the name Hope was reflected in their fates. These are Nadezhda von Meck (patron, friend of PI Tchaikovsky), Nadezhda Obukhova (singer), Nadezhda Zabela-Vrubel (singer, M. Vrubel's wife), Nadezhda Krupskaya (wife and associate of VI Lenin), Nadezhda Kosheverova (Soviet director), Nadezhda Teffi (writer), Nadezhda Rumyantseva (actress), Nadezhda Babkina and Nadezhda Kadysheva (singer).