The most dangerous plants of Russia
We have already discussed with youHow hogweed beat RussiaandHow a Pueraria Plant Wins the USA. And now let us remember about the poisonous plants of Russia.
After reading the list I was very surprised! And I remember exactly in childhood almost all of these plants and collected and smelled and almost chewed. They grow everywhere almost under their feet, and even in cities!
Anecdote to the topic:
The addict sits near a bush and eats berries. A girl approaches him:
- Uncle, what are you! This is the wolf berries!
- Nothing, the wolves will find themselves.
So what is considered dangerous of plants ...
1. Belladonna (lat. Atrópa belladónna)
Can a plant with such a poetic name be dangerous to humans? And how! "Beautiful lady" - so translated from the Italian Belladonna - very cunning. Its fruit is a shiny black, sometimes yellow berry with a lot of seeds, saturated with sweetish dark purple nectar, but it is not worth tasting.
The juice of this plant, the Italian women traditionally buried in the eyes: the pupils, due to the content of atropine in the belladonna, expanded, acquiring an unnatural, but attractive luster.And the berries were used as a dye to create a blush on the cheeks.
In Russia, the belladonna was also called a "belladonna", but sometimes "rabid": the same atropine when used inside the plant could cause strong arousal, even rabies. But this is not the main symptom. 20 minutes after tasting the leaves or fetuses of the belladonna, dry and burning sensation occurs in the mouth, swallowing and breathing is difficult, heartbeat becomes more frequent, vomiting, upset stool and urination appear.
A person can also be poisoned by honey, which contains pollen of "belladonna", moreover, toxic effects are manifested even by touching this plant. The livestock that eats it suffers from the belladonna, but the rabbits feed on it absolutely without any consequences.
2. Hemlock spotted (lat. Conium maculatum)
He doesn’t just have a headache - in the justice system of ancient Greece, hemlock was used as an official poison, and only since the time of Hippocrates has it become a medicine. All parts of the plant are equally poisonous, and therefore it is recommended to collect it with extreme caution. Washing hands with soap is the best prevention against its toxic properties.Ready raw materials should always be stored separately from other medicinal herbs.
In Russia, this weed grows everywhere - from the edges of the forest to the gardens. From his hollow stem, children sometimes make whistles, which is extremely dangerous. However, the unpleasant "mouse" smell of hemlock often deters them from this activity.
3. The wolves (lat. Dáphne)
In childhood, many of us were warned against eating such attractive-looking wolf berries, and for good reason - 5 berries can be a lethal dose for a child, and 12 calmly send an adult to the other world. But even if you do not overdo it with a dose, the poison of the wolfberry can cause reddening of the skin and blisters, as well as diseases of the kidneys and the stomach.
In the spring, the wolf's shrub is decorated with delicate flowers - pink, cream and purple, but their beauty is deceptive - flower pollen can cause dizziness and headache. It is curious that in Nepal they make a paper of the highest sort from a wolfhound, and in our country it is used for landscaping. Volcheyagodnik is listed in the Red Book of Russia: a plant that threatens people is itself on the verge of extinction.
4. Belen (lat. Hyoscýamus)
We often had to hear the usual expression: “What are you, henbane overeat?”. So speak about the person behaving inadequately. Avicena also wrote that "a henbane is a poison that causes insanity, depletes memory and causes suffocation and demonic rage."
Helen is a very unpretentious plant - it has chosen for itself vacant lots, courtyards, vegetable gardens and roadsides, a lot of it where a person lives. The plant has a very unpleasant smell in the sea, animals are sensitive to it and bypass the bleached side.
Albrecht Dürer, Knight, death and the devil, engraving from 1513-1514
In the Middle Ages, there was such a military trick. The retreating army left its wine supply to the enemy, after having mixed the henbane there. The enemy, of course, could not use this gift and drank poisoned wine. Later, the soldiers returned to their possessions and cut out intoxicated enemies.
In henbane all is toxic - the root, the stem, the flowers, but especially the seeds. First of all, children who take these seeds for edible seeds may be at risk.
5. Milestones poisonous (lat. Cicuta virosa)
The name of this plant speaks for itself. In Russia, it is found everywhere, especially near water bodies. The main danger is the tubers that have a deceptively pleasant smell of either carrots or celery.The main substance of the milestone is cicutoxin, which in small doses has a sedative effect, and also lowers blood pressure - it is not for nothing that it is used in pharmacology.
In folk medicine, a tincture of a milestone is made, which has a number of useful properties: it helps with migraines, gout, rheumatism, tachycardia. However, overdose of the drug, based on the milestone, is fraught with serious consequences - very quickly there is a headache, chills, nausea, vomiting, pain in the abdomen, convulsions, copious saliva, and if you do not wash the stomach in time it can be fatal.
Death of Socrates, Jacques Louis David, 1787 canvas
By virtue of their poisonousness, milestones are also used as an insecticide in the fight against garden pests - caterpillars and insects. And not only. According to some information, Socrates was poisoned by this plant.
6. Fighter or aconite (lat. Acónítum)
The name "aconite" is associated with the feat of Hercules, in which he freed the three-headed Cerberus from the underworld. When the hero brought the hell hound into the light of day, the beast filled the grass with poisonous saliva - and tall, shapely plants grew there.It happened near the town of Akoni.
In Russia, there are more than 60 types of aconite, and it is actively used in traditional medicine. For preparation of preparations, everything goes except for the root - it is so poisonous! Children are often attracted to the beautiful flowers of aconite, which they taste - burning pain and numbness of the mouth can appear in a few minutes.
The facts speak about the fighter's poisonous properties: Germanic peoples rubbed arrowheads for hunting wolves with it, and the skullcap soaked in its juice killed Tamerlane. For any person, a 2-3 gram dose of aconite will be fatal.
7. Lancet (Latin Dictamnus)
In its flowering period, the yasenets are unusually beautiful. Large white, pink, lilac flowers with purple veins will not leave anyone indifferent. And when the fruits appear - five-nest boxes with shiny black seeds - a rather sharp aroma spreads around the yasenets, like the smell of orange peel. It smell the essential oils.
They say that if you bring a lit match to a plant on a windless sunny day, a red-violet flame will flare up around it, but the plant itself will remain untouched by fire.So he was called by the people "a burning bush".
Despite the beauty of the yasents, in no case should you touch the flowers and seed boxes, and even smell them! At first, a person will not feel anything, but after a day, a burn occurs at the site of touch, which can be replaced by long-lasting ulcers - the trail of them will remain forever. And contact with a large area of the body is fraught with risk to life. In our opinion, this is the most dangerous plant in Russia.
And you have some interesting things about plants: it turns out that relative plants know how to recognize and support each other and there are warm-blooded plants.