Teschin's tongue. How to care.
Teschin's tongue. How to care.
- This plant is so good that you do not need to take care of it, watered once a week and no headaches. To him on the drum and light and shadow, and cold and heat, everything is good.
- You are lucky - this plant is very unpretentious,
Russian name: Sansevieria
Latin name: Sansevieria
Family: Agave - Agavaceae
Homeland: Tropics of Africa
Ease of Growth: For Beginners
Lighting: Bright light
Humidity of air: Low
This hardy plant has fully earned its reputation as an ineradicable one. It grows in the sun and in the shade, it carries dry air, drafts, rare watering, it does not often need to be transplanted. However, it does not tolerate soil wetting and long stay at a temperature of about 0 degrees.
In the United Kingdom, sansewyer is called a mother tongue, in the United States it is a serpentine braid, we have got the name of a pike tail - for the transverse bands on leathery leaves resembling scales of fish.
The plant is kept in winter at a temperature not lower than 14-16 gr. , photophilous, resistant to increased dryness of air. It is not temperature-sensitive. It grows well both in bright windows and in strong shading.
Moderate from spring to autumn, as the soil dries up. In winter, watered once in two to three months. Try not to get water into the heart of the outlet. (but personally I water my own more often, in our apartment and in winter it's hot)
Once in 1 month, the sansevier is fed with a full mineral fertilizer. Transplanted, when the roots begin to protrude from the pot. The scraps are better to choose flat and wide, as the root system of the sansevier is located in the upper layer. Pots for a quarter must be filled with drainage material.
Propagation of the plant by lateral shoots, leaf cuttings and division of rhizomes in March-April during the transplant. The sheet is cut into pieces of length 10 cm, stuck on two thirds in the sand, covered with a jar and kept in a warm and bright place. The plant is checked daily, lifting the jar. The water is poured into the pot tray. After 30-40 days, roots appear, then buds, from which young leaves develop. The nutritional formula for sansevieri should consist of 3 parts of turf ground and 1 part of leaf, greenhouse and sand.
Young plants must be transplanted every year. Because of the creeping rhizome, it is better to put the sanseverier in a wide, low and spacious dish. Soil: sod, leafy earth, sand (2: 2: 1). It grows well on hydroponics.
decay of the base, the leaves turn yellow and die off - the soil is too humid in winter; decay of the neck in the absence of waterlogging - cooling; brown spots on the leaves - non-infectious disease.
Since ancient times sanseviera is cultivated in India as a fibrous plant. From fiber sansewyers make in India rough fabrics, ropes, sea ropes. Decoction of the plant is used against itching and scabies. In Africa, roots and leaves are used in gynecological practice, with general weakness, convulsions. Juice from the leaves heals ulcers, drops from it relieve pain in the ears. Underground parts of plants are considered a tonic. The smoke from the burning leaves soothes the headache. Sanseviera is able to protect against accumulation of harmful substances released by linoleum and furniture synthetics.
PS ATTENTION - for cats it is poisonous, do not give food!
Other names: pike tail, tawny tongue
Care and maintenance
20 - 27 summer
10 - 18 winter
Illumination: light-loving, shadow-tolerant
Watering: do not get into the sockets of leaves
In winter - limited (you can even 1 once a month)
In the summer - moderate
Reproduction: best by division, can be cuttings - for this purpose the sheet should be cut into 5-centimeter fragments and each of them with a lower part of the cut to stick into sandy soil; In this way, from the forms with colored leaves, we obtain plants with green leaves.
Humidity of air: without spraying, but periodically wipe the leaves
Transplantation: if necessary in the spring (when the rhizome grows very much). Good drainage. Pots are low and wide. pH 6,0-7,0. Earth mixture: turf earth, sheet earth and sand (2: 2: 1).
Fertilizer: only in summer - 1 times in 2 weeks fertilizers for cacti
winter-autumn - without top dressing
Crop: does not need
Pests and diseases: Well tolerates temperature fluctuations. Content in a poorly lit room can lead to discoloration of the leaves. With excess moisture, the roots begin to rot.
Features of care: In the summer you can take out to fresh air protecting from the rain.
It grows well under artificial light.
The homeland is the arid regions of Africa.
Sansevieria is a perennial rhizome evergreen herb with erect succulent lanceolate leaves. Blossoms usually in spring, in April-May, with small white flowers collected in racemose inflorescences. At night, a strong vanilla aroma comes from them.
The Latin name Sansevieria, this genus was given in honor of Prince von Sanseviero, who lived in Naples at 18 in. , which patronized the natural sciences, especially botany.
Like no other indoor plant, Sansevieria has many folk names. We call it the pike tail or mother-in-law's tongue, in England it's a leopard lily, a snake plant, the language of the devil. Americans call it snake skin, and the Germans are African hemp, since in ancient times this plant was cultivated, extracting the fibers from the leaves manually. Sansevieria is one of the most popular indoor plants, and the unconditional favorite in the genus is S. trifasciata laurentii. Leaves can reach 1 m and more in length, but the usual length is 30-45. See the original form of S. trifasciata (which is sometimes mistakenly sold under the name S. zeylanica) is not so large, looks more modest and not so popular. Among the cultural forms, besides the habitual "mother tongue", there are other colorful varieties. The shape of Moonshine is compact in size and elegantly colored in light and dark green tones, while the Bantels Sensation forms on leaves have cross-shaped cream strips horizontally, in the variety of craigii the edges of the leaves are bordered by a broad band of cream color.
The highest is C. cylindrical. However, not all varieties of saussevieria have long, sprouting leaves - for example, in a variety of hahnii rosewood leaves up to 10 cm long with light horizontal strips. The Golden hahnii has yellow stripes along the edge of the leaf, Silver hahnii has silvery-green leaves with darker stripes. Very unusual looks ampelnaya S. large (S. grandis), which can be grown in a hanging basket.
All species of this genus are extremely unpretentious and very hardy. Even beginning florists, who do not have the skills to handle indoor plants, can easily get it at home.
This information from the Internet.
- In the spring, make a transplant in a new soil, only carefully, the roots do not hurt. And so nothing special, this unpretentious plant, unlike the name. Water 1 - 2 times a week, once every three weeks in water add liquid fertilizer. For more, see the link:
- Water, but do not fill. Once a month you can fertilize with Ideal. If you like it, it will blossom in the spring.
- The most unpretentious plant. Water once a week.