Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

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Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)- the sudden death of a child under the age of 1 year, remaining unexplained after a full investigation of the case, including an autopsy, a test of the circumstances of the death and a clinical history of the disease. One of the most common causes of the syndrome is right ventricular arrhythmogenic dysplasia. The frequency is 0.5-4 cases per 1,000 newborns. The prevailing age is the first year of life, the peak is 2-4 months. The predominant sex is male (52–60%).

Etiology is multifactorial.
Most hypotheses explain SFS as the result of cardiac (lethal tachyarrhythmias) and respiratory disorders (prolonged apnea due to disturbances in the surfactant system or nervous regulation of respiration). The significance of perinatal brain damage is not excluded. One of the most common causes of SES- right ventricular arrhythmogenic dysplasia (see. Cardiomyopathy dilated).

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