Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945

"By the end of March, differences in the situation of people became apparent. While some died from their wounds in overcrowded infirmary, others started drinking every weekend. While some day there were fierce street battles, others did not intend to deny themselves joys of life.
Officially, the stay of women in the location of the units was prohibited, but this did not prevent some officers from visiting the neighboring houses. The more hopeless the position of Breslau became, the more clearly the signs of decay manifested themselves in the military environment.
Erich Schönfelder, an officer who was constantly at the forefront among the soldiers, described the situation in those days: “The feeling that life was ending was forcing many people to try to take everything from her in the last days or weeks. As a rule, they found comfort in women and fault. Uniformed orgies became widespread. The number of robberies of abandoned apartments grew day by day.
Not only deserters became robbers, but also civilians. The next morning, from the smelly basements on the construction, many were dragged out completely with young girls.It was a lost youth. But who could blame them? "

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

There were many examples of the fact that in the headquarters almost every night the officers had sexual relations with "Wehrmacht assistants." After the war, one of the officers recalled that "serf girlfriends" were the most common thing.
Executions of deserters and robbers could not restore order in the city. These tough measures have not scared anyone. Everybody could die in Breslau any minute. Human life has completely depreciated. Resist the temptation rather than die; to cash in, rather than need. The city seemed to be completely demoralized. There have been many tragic incidents.
In the diary of one of the eyewitnesses, an entry was preserved: “Today, according to the verdict of the military tribunal, a young soldier accused of robbery was shot ... As it turned out, he and his father stole two mattresses from an abandoned house in the southern quarters, which he intended to use for his shelter. shortly before this, he was awarded the Iron Cross for courage displayed on the battlefield. "
There were other, not less indicative cases. In March 1945, two Volkssturmists were shot.Gauleiter refused to pardon them, since, in his opinion, they were “deserters”. They were already elderly tailor and sales agent.
They left their positions on Lessing Square, only after their company was completely destroyed. As a result, they had to be in the same grave with their colleagues who were killed in battle.
Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Rumors of nightly orgies, which some officers are satisfied with, spread among the inhabitants. However, the official serf newspaper preferred to keep silent about these shameful phenomena. On its pages, as before, vigorous propaganda appeals appeared, which were interspersed with orders to shoot marauders and deserters.
She called for "take heart and strengthen the defense," while ordinary people were more interested in pressing problems: searching for missing relatives, trying to provide themselves with food, trying to hide from shelling and bombing.
As a result, all official calls have ceased to have any impact on the civilian population, which preferred to focus on the information transmitted by foreign radio stations.
News was transmitted from mouth to mouth in a whisper, as many were afraid to be shot on charges of "spreading defeatist sentiments."The military reports of the High Command of the Land Forces of Germany could no longer mislead anyone.
Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

At the end of March 1945, Paul Paykert wrote down in his diary: "Decisive events take place on all fronts. Pal Koenigsberg. Danzig was taken by the Russians. From the territory of Hungary they approach Vienna ...
Styria is in a critical situation. All territories west of the Rhine, from Emmerich to Mannheim, are controlled by the Americans and the British. Their tanks are rapidly approaching Würzburg and Nuremberg ... Most of the Ruhr territory is also in their hands. "
Such information reinforced the sense of hopelessness of the situation in Breslau. The hopes still warming at the beginning of March that the city was still being unblocked disappeared completely by the end of the month. It was difficult to hide a clear lack of ammunition.
Hugo Ertung wrote down in those days: "Soldiers from spare parts often do not even have a pistol in service. It’s not necessary to say anything about rifles."
Around the same time, Ertung wrote down: "In reports from the front, the wounded, apparently for some silly conspiracy, are called" mulattoes, "and those killed are" Indians. "Their number is steadily growing every day, and therefore it is difficult to establish which forces actually hold the city. "
Public discontent has reached such a high level that on March 26, unidentified persons set fire to the Haase brewery, which supplied the soldiers and officers. This was followed by several actions that somewhat resembled the attempt on Hitler, which was undertaken on July 20, 1944. Two headquarters of the local organs of the Nazi Party were blown up.
Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Friedrich Giriger recalled these events: “The spirit of the population was finally undermined by two explosions. On March 30, the premises of the party cells in Gnaysenau and Elbing flew into the air. Everything was done on the model on July 20.
They were thrown with portfolios filled with explosives. The attackers themselves were able to slip away from these buildings unnoticed. One can only assume that was the reason for holding these shares. Maybe it was revenge for the unceremonious treatment of women and children, who at constant risk to their lives erected a runway ...
Judging by the identity of the explosions, the attempted consisted with each other in connection. All those who worked at party headquarters died ...The serf newspaper and radio kept silent about these events, although rumors about them began to spread at the speed of light.
Thus, we learned that, despite all the vigilance of the Gestapo, in the surrounded city there were not only groups of resistance but active forces.
In addition, the desperate population felt some internal resistance. People were dissatisfied with the dictates of party officials, and therefore these attacks did not have to be the actions of the Communists.
In prison on Klechkau-Strasse, the number of those shot for "defeatism" increases every day. Death has a good harvest. "
Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

A. Vasilchenko "The Last Reich Fortress".
Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945who, March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, other, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, recalled, officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945who, March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, other, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, recalled, officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

Robbery, booze and execution. Breslau 1945 who, in March, completely, time, Breslau, party, soldier, others, population, recorded, only, steel, territories, deserters, after, could, events, many, remembered officers

грабеж, пьянка и казни. бреслау 1945 г. которые, марта, полностью, время, бреслау, партийных, солдат, другие, населения, записал, только, стали, территории, дезертиров, после, могли, событиях, множество, вспоминал, офицеров


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