Red chilli pepper: photo, description and useful properties
Many plants now grown in the garden are also used as medicine. One of them is red paprika. After the appearance of this plant in Europe in the 16th century, it spread everywhere and became a popular seasoning. But unlike the sweet pepper, his burning brother is not used as often. After all, not everyone can use it. And many people don’t even know that, besides being used as a seasoning, red peppers are also used as a useful medicinal plant in medicine and cosmetology.
What is the name of paprika
This plant is originally from Mexico, the Indians cultivated it for several thousand years and used instead of salt. After appearing in Europe in the 16th century, it was called Spanish pepper. After some time, the plant spread throughout Europe. He became known as Brazilian, cayenne or Indian pepper.Stronger healing properties have chili common in tropical countries. It has small, brighter-colored fruits.
One of the most common seasonings has now become chilli pepper. Its name depends on how it is made. If for seasoning they take only the outer shell of the fruit, without partitions and seeds, then it turns out not very sharp and is called paprika. The most burning seasoning is obtained from the whole fruit. This pepper is called chili.
This type of pepper belongs to the family Solanaceae. It is an annual upright plant about 40 centimeters high. It is very thermophilic and does not tolerate frosts at all.
Pepper has a branched stem and oblong leaves with a pointed tip. The flowers are located in the forks of the branches, the pepper blooms from June to September. Pepper fruits are narrow conical pods with a length of 5 to 15 centimeters. They can be different colors, not only red, but yellow. But the brighter the color of pepper, the more spicy the taste. There are now different varieties: the fruits can be fleshy and very long - up to 20 centimeters, or small ones - only 1 centimeter. They are less or more burning, fleshy or with thin skin.There are decorative varieties for growing in a pot on the windowsill.
Composition and useful properties
Capsicum contains alkaloid capsaicin. It is he who gives the plant such a burning taste and spicy aroma. In addition, pepper contains essential oils, saponins, phytoncides, sugars, fats and wax. There are a lot of carotenoids, vitamins A, B, C and R. There are also various minerals: potassium, sodium, iron, sulfur, zinc and others.Due to this composition, red capsicum has many medicinal properties:
- normalizes cerebral circulation, cleans the blood vessels;
- improves memory and helps fight depression;
- stimulates the production of endorphins and thereby improves mood;
- has an anesthetic effect;
- helps to reduce cholesterol levels;
- improves vision and strengthens bones;
- reduces blood sugar levels;
- improves appetite and stimulates the digestive system;
- boosts metabolism;
- improves immunity.
At home, in Mexico, bitter capsicum red pepper was used instead of salt. In Europe, people quickly discovered the properties and taste of this seasoning.Now it is very common. Almost everywhere red pepper is served as seasoning.It also stimulates the appetite and revives the taste of dishes. The fruits of pepper are used entirely in canning. They are added to soups, meat and fish dishes, vegetable side dishes and sauces. It is noticed that the sharpness of the seasoning decreases when consumed with acidic foods: lemon, unripe apples and tomatoes. This property can be used if the pepper irritates the skin or gets into the eyes: it is impossible to cope with the burning sensation with ordinary water, but acidified - easily.
Therapeutic effect of pepper
Currently, the most well-known external use of hot peppers with distracting purposes. It is rubbed into the skin, make compresses or added to ointments and creams. The pepper patch is also popular now, which helps against many diseases, such as:
- pain in muscles and joints;
The internal use of red capsicum is less known. His powder is mixed with honey in the ratio of one to one and take a teaspoon, squeezed with plenty of water.This remedy has an expectorant and antipyretic effect. In addition, many people know the tincture of hot pepper, which can be prepared by yourself. Apply it mainly externally with colds and radiculitis, but you can drink 10 drops, divorced in a quarter glass of water.
Tincture is used for such diseases:
- violation of cerebral circulation;
- ovarian cancer;
- bronchial asthma, flu and cold;
- to stimulate the appetite and enhance digestion.
Who should not use it
Red chilli pepper is a very hot, often even hot product. Therefore, when applied externally, allergic reactions may occur. In this case, the use of medication should be discontinued. Pepper powder is very loose, and when it is applied it can be a strong eye irritation, sneezing and swelling of the face. It is not recommended to use compresses with it for allergies, sensitive skin and open wounds. Inside also not everyone can eat pepper.Its use in food and as a medicine for such diseases is contraindicated:
- gastritis and gastric ulcer;
- diseases of the pancreas;
- diseases of the liver and kidneys.
With caution you need to use pepper in severe atherosclerosis, insomnia and pregnancy. This plant is like seasoning and the medicine needs to be consumed in very small quantities. Pepper contains the substance capsaicin, which can cause acute gastrointestinal upset, and if you use too much of it, there is even a risk of death.
Red chilli pepper for hair
This plant is widely used now in cosmetology. Pepper is added to massage creams and slimming patches. But especially often used tincture of red pepper for the hair. Studies conducted by Japanese scientists have shown that the substance capsaicin, which is abundant in this plant, stimulates hair growth, as it directly affects calcitinoin genes and sensory nerves. To treat the scalp, you need to take a tincture of red pepper and dilute one part with ten parts of water. This medicine is rubbed into the scalp 2-3 times a week. Sometimes it can be left overnight. Pepper extract is also included in the masks, balms and shampoos for hair.
Harvesting and storage of pepper
Fruits are harvested as they mature. As a seasoning, whole fresh pods or dried ones are used. Especially burning it turns out, if you add milled seeds. Fruits after harvesting need to be washed, cleaned from the stalk and cut into pieces. Dry them in direct sunlight. But such a method of drying is more common when the fruit is completely suspended by the stem in a dry place.
The finished pepper is shriveled and has a dark color. It is rather difficult to grind dried fruits into powder, so the natural seasoning has the appearance of large orange particles. When harvesting pepper, you need to protect your eyes and face, and wear rubber gloves on your hands.
And how to use the harvested product, you learned from this article.