Pension reform, as an indicator of civil society
Many people criticize the raising of the retirement age, which causes an active discussion of government decisions among the population. And this is great, because it is much better when civil society discusses the reform of power than it is silent.
Meanwhile, this law in the first reading in the State Duma intend to adopt by the end of July. Whether you are surprised or not, the authorities of 77 out of 85 regions positively responded to the pension reform, and I, as an outside observer of the “draft law of the year”, was interested to know the main arguments of the authorities for reform. There were three of them:
First argument- population aging: so, by 2025, the number of pensioners is almost completely equal to the number of employees (the ratio will be equal to 1.04; now the figure is 1.12). In such conditions, the goal of increasing pensions to 2.5–3 living wages is “unattainable”.
Second argument- the fact that the current level of the retirement age was established in 1928, and meant the age of disability "in the conditions of an industrial type of society - the workers employed in the industrial sphere." By the end of the 20th century, the economy had changed and "there was a transition from industrial to post-industrial society", which marked an increase in the number of employees and workers in the services sector who can work longer.
Third argument- life expectancy. According to the data given in the note, in 1928 life expectancy in the European part of the RSFSR was 43 years, and according to modern data, it averages 72.7 years in Russia.