Biography of Patriarch KirillPatriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill (worldly name - Vladimir Mikhailovich Gundyayev) headed the Russian Orthodox Church (ROC) on February 1, 2009 after the death of his predecessor Alexy II.
Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Kirill
Childhood and familyVladimir Gundyaev was born in Leningrad on November 20, 1946 in a religious, despite the anti-church mood in those years, to a family.
His grandfather, Vasily Stepanovich (born in 1879), a native of the Lukoyanovsk district, was a machinist by training, himself began to study theological literature. In 1922, he ended up in Solovki under the denunciation of the Renovationists (a religious movement that rose up in opposition to the Orthodox Church after the revolution and for some time was supported by the Bolsheviks), which he opposed. But even in the camp, Vasily did not give up his faith, conducted secret worship services, for which he once spent a month in a punishment cell. In exile, the Christian stayed until 1955.
Vasily Stepanovich Gundyaev
Mikhail Vasilyevich Gundyaev
Parents of Patriarch Cyril
Together with his wife, Mikhail spent three years in Kolyma, then returned to Leningrad, worked at the plant. In 1940, the firstborn Nikolai was born. During the war years, Michael helped to strengthen the city during the siege, in 1943 went to the front. After the victory, the family began to live in the city, recovering from the blockade, their second son Vladimir was soon born.At that time, the state began to establish a dialogue with the church, and therefore Gundyaev, at the risk of losing his high position in society, still asked for ordination. In 1947, Mikhail was elevated to the rank of deacon and appointed to the church of the Smolensk Icon of the Mother of God.
Patriarch Kirill (Vladimir Gunyadev) in childhood
Vladimir, Elena and Nikolai Gundyaevs
Every school day was a test for Vladimir. Opponent of the communist regime, he did not become a pioneer or member of the Komsomol. When the school principal persuaded Gundyaev to wear a pioneer tie, he replied: “Ok. If you do not mind, I will go to church in a red tie. Because I will. ” Constant pedsovety and vyvolochki the director did not interfere with Vova to study well. The soul of the future patriarch lay in physics and other exact disciplines.
EducationAfter finishing eight years, Vladimir did not continue schooling. He decided to live an independent life, without burdening the needy parents, who still had his younger sister in charge. Having settled in the "evening", in 1962, Vladimir began working as a cartographer in the Leningrad Complex Geological Expedition.
Young Vladimir Gundyaev worked on a geological expedition
Religious activitiesIn April 1969, Vladimir Gundyaev was tonsured a monk and was named Cyril, ordained a hierodeacon, and then a hieromonk. A year later, he graduated from the Academy with honors and the degree of candidate of theological sciences.
In the photo: Vladimir Gundyaev and Metropolitan Nicodemus
Hieromonk Cyril on the day of ordination
Interview of the future patriarch (1989)
Social activityIn the 90s, Patriarch Kirill became more and more deeply involved in social activities. In 1994, the television program “The Word of the Shepherd” was broadcast with his participation, which covered spiritual and educational issues in a language that the plain viewer could understand.
The Word of the Shepherd with Metropolitan Kirill (1997)
In the photo: Patriarch Alexy II and Metropolitan Kirill
Prior to the enthronement, Metropolitan Kirill led an active public work
PatriarchateIn 2008, Patriarch Alexy II died. Metropolitan Kirill was appointed to the position of Patriarchal Locum Tenant. In 2009, he was elected Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia, gaining about 75% of the vote at the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church.
On February 1, 2009 Patriarch Kirill was enthroned
Patriarch Kirill and Vladimir Putin
ScandalsOne of the first scandals that arose with the mention of the name of the then Metropolitan Kirill was the case of the use of tax incentives for the import of alcohol and tobacco products in the early 90s. The newspaper Novaya Gazeta published an article that spoke about the personal interest of the metropolitan in transactions for the import of excisable goods. However, the absolute majority of religious leaders stated that this is nothing more than a provocation; planned campaignwhich aims to tarnish the name of an honest person.
Patriarch Kirill and Dmitry and Svetlana Medvedev at the Easter service
In 2010, a new scandal flared up around the name of the patriarch. Cyril's colleague Lydia Leonova found a thick layer of dust in his apartment. The arrival of the commission decided that the substance had come from the apartment below - its owner, academician and priest of the UOC-MP, Yury Shevchenko, was doing repairs. Examination showed that the dust contains carcinogenic substances. Damage to property amounted to more than 20 million rubles, which Lidia Leonova sued Shevchenko as a result.
Patriarch Kirill: "Do not strive to live better"
In 2012, a photo of the patriarch with expensive Breguet watches was posted on the ROC website. Later, the clock disappeared from the photo, but remained in the reflection on the table. The press service of the ROC called this incident "the ridiculous mistake of a photo editor." Soon the site returned the original version of the photo - with the clock.
The patriarch's clock disappeared from the photo, but remained in reflection
The personal life of Patriarch CyrilWhen, after a scandal with the property that suffered from dust, it turned out that in the ill-fated apartment of Patriarch Kirill on ul. Serafimovich was prescribed by a certain Lydia Mikhailovna Leonova, in the press, as expected, there was a sensation. From her biography, the journalists found out only that she was the daughter of the cook of the Leningrad Regional Committee of the CPSU.
Journalists believe that in this photo Vladimir Gundyaev was photographed with Lydia Leonova and their son
Patriarch Kirill is nowIn February 2016, for the first time in history, the head of the ROC met with the Pope.