Nikolai Nikolayevich Nosov: biography of a children's writer
Nikolai Nikolayevich Nosov, whose biographywill be described in this article, was born in the family of a variety artist in the vicinity of Kiev in the village of Irpen. Here the future writer spent all his childhood. Father thought that the boy would follow in his footsteps, but Nikolai chose a violin. The lessons were very difficult for him, and soon he gave up his musical career.
Childhood boy coincided with the most tragicperiod of Russian history. Military operations and the subsequent revolution caused the lack of stable earnings for the family. Therefore, from the age of 14, Nosov, whose biography still causes interest, combined his studies in the gymnasium with part-time work. During this period, the boy tried many different professions, from the mower and ending with the seller of newspapers. After the Civil War, the gymnasium, where the future playwright studied, was transformed into a seven-year school. After its termination in 1924, Nikolai settled as a laborer first on a cement, and then on a brick factory. During this period, he is very fond of chemistry and organizes a small laboratory for scientific research in the attic of a school friend. Nicholas had a desire to enter the Polytechnic Institute. But because of the incomplete secondary education, nothing happened. In 19 years the failed chemist chose the polytechnic institute of art. In the late 1920s Nosov, whose biography is known to many Soviet children, moved to Moscow and entered the Institute of Cinematography. After 2 years he finished it, having received the profession of director and director of educational, animated and scientific paintings.
In the war years, Nikolai Nosov, whose biographycontains many noteworthy episodes, directed educational films for the army. Thanks to his military-technical creation for the tank troops, he received the State Prize. In addition, in 1943 he was awarded the most revered military award - the Order of the Red Star.
His compatriots Nikolai Nosov, biographywhich is in many encyclopedias, is known as the creator of children's stories. On them grew whole generations of children (Soviet and Russian). The writer's debut took place in 1938. It was the appearance in the magazine "Murzilka" of his story "Zateyniki". This and other works published in this journal formed the basis of the first collection "Tuk-tuk-tuk", published after 1945. A year later the book "Steps" appeared. In 1951, the writer was awarded the Stalin Prize. Nosov's biography for children is as interesting as his stories, the most famous of which are works from the trilogy "The Adventures of Dunno", created in the 50-60's. In 1969, the author decided to "switch" to an adult audience and published a collection of "Historical Humoresks," which consisted entirely of satirical stories about the complicated relationship between children and parents, philistinism and problems in the literature of that time. This book was the starting point in the whole cycle of stories for an adult audience. Many of them were published after the death of the writer in 1976.