Biography of Maya PlisetskayaMaya Plisetskaya bequeathed to dispel her dust over Russia. She lived a long and fulfilling life. Prima ballerina of the Bolshoi Theater of the USSR and a world-famous ballerina, she became a symbol of her era, a benchmark and an example to follow.
Family and childhood of Maya PlisetskayaMaya Mikhailovna Plisetskaya was born in Moscow, in a huge Jewish family. After 6 years, her middle brother Alexander was born, who later became a choreographer, and six years later, her younger brother Azari, the future choreographer.
Maya Plisetskaya with mom and dad
The mother of the future great ballerina Rachel Messerer (nee) was the star of the “Great silent film”. She attracted the attention of viewers and directors. Because of her characteristic appearance: dark hair and oriental features, she often got the role of Uzbek women.True, the career of the actress had to leave because of her husband and children.
Mai Plisetskaya family: with mom and brother
In 1932 he was appointed to head the coal mines in Svalbard, and the whole family had to move. There he simultaneously held the post of Consul General of the USSR.
Maya Plisetskaya in his youth
In May 1937, KGB officers took Maya's father away and, a year after his arrest, they shot him, suspecting of espionage. A few months later, his wife Rachel was also arrested. It happened right at the Bolshoi Theater, at the time when Sleeping Beauty was on stage and the aunt of the future ballerina Sulamith performed. Rachel Plisetskaya-Messerer received 8 years in prison as the wife of an enemy of the people. She and her newborn child (the youngest son Azarii) placed the wives of traitors of the Motherland in the Akmola camp. Only thanks to the efforts of their close relatives, she was first transferred to a free settlement in Shymkent. And only in 1941, her sentence was softened and allowed to return to Moscow.
Ballerina Maya Plisetskaya
Beginning of Maya Plisetskaya's careerThe first significant performance at the Bolshoi Theater at Maya Plisetskaya was held on the eve of the fateful day for the Soviet Union.Less than a day before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, a graduation concert of a choreographic school was held on the stage of a branch of the State Academic Bolshoi Theater.
Maya Plisetskaya - The Swan (film-ballet 1975)
To finish her studies, a 16-year-old girl decided to flee to Moscow, where even during the war, classes at the Moscow School of Choreography continued. She was again enrolled, but this time - immediately to the senior class for the course of Elizaveta Gerdt and Maria Leontyeva. In 1943, the training was completed, and Maya was immediately accepted into the staff of the Bolshoi Theater.
Maya Plisetskaya and Yves Saint Laurent
The girl loved to dance, but she did not want to work. Much later, she began to understand how interesting and creative the daily work of a ballerina can be. The path to the top of Plisetskaya’s career can still be compared with climbing stairs: it rose gradually to its main parties. For example, in the ballet "Sleeping Beauty" she was first the Lilac fairy, then the fairy Violant, and then Aurora. In Don Quixote, the dancer danced almost all the women's parties and finally got the role of Kitri.
Maya Plisetskaya - Raymond, 1959
True, not everything went smoothly in a ballet dancer's career. With the chief choreographer of the Bolshoi Theater Yuri Grigorovich she could not get along, and over the years this confrontation only intensified.
Galina Ulanova and Maya Plisetskaya during a rehearsal. 1969
Maya Plisetskaya film careerIn 1952, Maya Plisetskaya first appeared in the cinema. She can be seen in the film “The Big Concert” by Vera Stroevoy. Well, then followed by roles in the movies-ballets: "Swan Lake", "The Tale of the Horse-Gorbunka" and "Anna Karenina." I will accept the Big invited to the film-opera "Khovanshchina". The ballerina participated in the adaptation of the ballets "Isadora", "Bolero", "The Seagull", "The Lady with the Dog." In 1974, she was invited along with the Bolshoi Theater soloist Bogatyrev for the Nocturne telenomer to the music of Friedrich Chopin from the ballet In the Night choreographer Jerome Robbins.
Maya Plisetskaya - Bolero
In 1976, the actress played a ballet star in the TV movie "Fantasia" based on the Turgenev story "Spring Waters". The role of Polozova she succeeded brilliantly. Choreographic duets were staged by choreographer Elizariev.
Maya Plisetskaya diet is simple - nothing is
With a growth of 167 cm, the weight of Maya Plisetskaya was from 49 to 58 kg
Further career of Maya PlisetskayaBallerina not only performed on the stage of the theater, but also assumed the role of director. In the Bolshoi Theater, she acted as choreographer for Rodion Shchedrin’s Anna Karenina (1972, with N. I. Ryzhenko and V. V. Smirnov-Golovanov), The Seagull (1980), The Lady with the Dog (1985). ). And she herself performed in them the main women's parties.
Ballerina Maya Plisetskaya and her brother Azaria
In 1985, Plisetskaya was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor. And from 1988 to 1990 she headed the Spanish National Ballet in Madrid. For the Spanish troupe, she resumed the ballet “Futile Precaution” by Peter Gertel (choreographer - Alexander Gorsky) and introduced “Carmen Suite” into the repertoire. Here she began a collaboration with Montserrat Caballe. At the suggestion of the latter, Plisetskaya performed in the staging of opera-ballet Giacomo Puccini "Vilisa". The ballerina also danced “The Dying Swan” to the accompaniment of the live voice of an opera singer.
Maya Plisetskaya and her husband Rodion Shchedrin
In January 1990, Plisetskaya danced her last performance at the Bolshoi Theater. They became the "Lady with a dog." The ballerina had to leave the Bolshoi Theater because of disagreements with the artistic director, continuing from the very beginning of her career.
But the ballerina did not leave the stage, but continued to participate in concerts and give master classes. In the 1990s, Plisetskaya continued her collaboration with the world's outstanding choreographers: with the “Marseilles Ballet” by Roland Petit and the “Ballet of the XX Century” by Maurice Bejart. In 1992, in the Espace Pierre Cardin Theater, Plisetskaya sang the main part at the premiere of the ballet Mad of Chaillot to the music of Shchedrin. And she celebrated her 70th anniversary on the stage by performing the number “Ave Maya”, staged for her by Maurice Bejart.
Maya Plisetskaya did not have children, she gave herself to the ballet
Personal life of Maya PlisetskayaAs a star of the Bolshoi Theater, Maya was surrounded by many men. She wrote about her novels with ballet soloists Vyacheslav Golubin and Esfendyar Kashani. Ballerina was married twice.
Maya Plisetskaya and Maris Liepa
With her second spouse Rodion Shchedrin, Maya met Lily Brik. The ballerina and the composer did not seem very interested in each other. Plisetskaya was seven years older than Shchedrin. Only three years after they met, they began to meet and spent holidays in Karelia. And in the fall of 1958 they got married.
Maya Plisetskaya and her husband Rodion Shchedrin
True, despite the happy family life, the couple never had children. Shchedrin protested, but Maya did not dare to have a baby and leave the stage. Her husband justified her, saying that the ballet provides a wonderful physique, and after giving birth the figure of any woman inevitably changes. Many ballerinas, he argued, lost their profession because of pregnancy.
The last years of Maya Plisetskaya’s lifeIn 1993, Maya Plisetskaya became an honorary professor at Moscow State University.
A year later, she released the autobiographical book "I, Maya Plisetskaya."The next book was published only in 2007 in the form of memoirs “Thirteen years later: Angry notes in thirteen chapters”. Three years later, she published the book "Reading my life ...".
Illustration for the book “I, Maya Plisetskaya”
From the beginning of the 90s and until the last days of life, her prima and her husband lived in Munich. There they were forced to be due to health problems. The doctors who helped Maya Mikhailovna stay in shape were found only in Germany. Also in 1993, the couple received Lithuanian citizenship.
Ballet dancer Maya Plisetskaya gained world fame
Death of Maya PlisetskayaMaya Mikhailovna Plisetskaya died on May 2, 2015 in Munich, in the 90th year of life, from a massive myocardial infarction. The farewell to the ballerina was held in Germany, and according to the will, the ashes of Plisetskaya will be joined together with the ashes of Rodion Shchedrin, after his death, and spread around Russia.
Maya Plisetskaya's death was a loss to the whole world.
Maya Plisetskaya AwardsMaya Plisetskaya has countless awards. In 1959 she was awarded the title of People's Artist of the USSR. She is also Honored Artist and People's Artist of the RSFSR. In 1985 she was awarded the title Hero of Socialist Labor.
Maya Plisetskaya lived ballet until her last days