Man as a carrier of the culture of his people. Man - the creator and carrier of culture
Man is the creator and bearer of the culture of his people. What is it expressed in? In our article you will learn the answers to these questions.
Philosophy, language, ethics and other sciences study culture one way or another. After all, it is from her that the norms of behavior and communication, which are considered generally accepted in society, proceed. The person, as the carrier of culture of the people, adheres to certain customs, norms of speech.
Daily Values of Culture
In human consciousness, three concepts are attributed to culture, which imply people, using this word:
- The term culture can mean any character traits that characterize a person. For example, educated, educated, polite and others. In opposition to them are placed such features as immorality, vulgarity, bad manners.The culture of speech and ethics in this area are particularly important. You need to be able to communicate with other people in such a way as to convey your thoughts, but at the same time not create a conflict situation and not show yourself as a tactless and uneducated person.
- Culture includes all institutions and organizations that work to spread spiritual values. These include various clubs, museums, theaters, societies.
- The concept of culture itself is considered a set of norms of behavior and those values that belong to a group. For example, Russian culture is the culture of the Russian people. Youth culture - the culture that adheres to youth. An elite culture is a culture that is peculiar to an elite society and so on.
As the bearer of the culture of his people, man plays a crucial role in the creation and transfer of his knowledge and age-old traditions to the next generations.
A culture of speech
The culture of speech is one of the most sought-after disciplines that are studied in universities. Teachers emphasize that every person, despite the type of his activity, must be able to express his thoughts, his speech must be distinguished by literacy.But it is especially important to be able to influence the listeners with your speech, to change their opinion, to convince them of the point of view that the speaker holds. Politicians, teachers, journalists are those people who are simply obliged by virtue of their profession to learn the culture of speech. But any other person, as the bearer of the culture of his people, needs to inculcate such skills from childhood to his parents or, at a conscious age, to work out himself. After all, each of us is an example, bad or good, for our children and the people around us. And literacy, erudition and education are always in the price.
Ethics of communication
In Russian culture, and in any other, an important place is occupied by the ethics of communication, or the culture of communication. There are some rules that should be followed in any society, in a family or at work, with friends or in communication with random passers-by.
Rules of ethics of communication
Let's remember the rules of ethics of communication, which are generally accepted:
- The first rule is the steady realization that any person is a complete personality. It must be respected and appreciated. After all, we all have our strengths and weaknesses, achievements and falls.We do not know what our interlocutor is experiencing, what difficulties he has been through or is still going through.
- It is important to listen to the interlocutor to the end. And if you find any mistake, point it out tactfully, speaking calmly and politely.
- Contact your colleagues by name and patronymic.
- Never turn up or shout.
- Do not make promises if you are not sure that you can fulfill them.
- Avoid gossip and intrigue.
- Remember that you are not worse than other people, but not better than them. Each has its own job and its purpose. They are different from yours. Therefore, you should not compare yourself with others and downplay your merits or exaggerate them.
Nowadays, modern man, as the bearer of the culture of his people, is simply obliged to know and try to live, observing the ethics of communication. Career growth and his self-confidence depend on it.
Traditions and customs of the Russian people
In history, man is the bearer of the culture of his people. What is it expressed in? Every nation has its own traditions and rituals. Of course, over time, some of them no longer carry any sacred overtones. Some simply disappeared, and in return they appeared new.
Russian culture has its own traditions and customs, which are passed down from generation to generation. They can be divided into calendar, family and mixed ceremonies, as well as add to this list svyatochnye traditions. We describe only those that are celebrated in modern society.
For calendar rites can, for example, be attributed Shrovetide. Interestingly, the holiday was celebrated in pagan times in Russia. People believed that turning to Yarilu, who was considered the god of the sun, would help them grow and harvest a large and high-quality crop. The people celebrated Shrovetide with pancakes and round dances. Mandatory attribute of the ceremony was Shrovetide effigy, which was burned at the stake.
Another calendar ritual that has come down to our time is Forgiveness Sunday, which is celebrated together with Carnival. On this day, every person who keeps traditions forgives everyone and asks for forgiveness from everyone.
Family ceremonies include matchmaking, wedding and the baptism of children.
So, the wedding ritual began with matchmaking. All the relatives of the bride and groom gathered and discussed questions about the dowry, the place of residence of the couple, discussed the list of gifts.Then, before the wedding day, the bride and her friends prepared a dowry, which consisted of bedding sets, tablecloths, clothes and other things. On the wedding day, the girl gathered with her friends and mourned her girlhood. And after the wedding, the next day there was a feast for the mother-in-law, where the newly-wedded husband came with friends.
The rite of infant baptism is second on the list, but no less important. He still has not lost significance in Russian society. Parents carefully choose the godfather and the godfather, because it is believed that the child can take over the fate of his godparents. In addition, these should be responsible people who understand that they are obliged to lead the child through life after baptism, to educate, protect and instruct him.
The mixed rites include the feast of Ivan Kupala. People believed that after it, it is safe to swim in natural waters. During the celebration of the people makes a fire. People believe that the couple who jump over him, holding hands, go through all the difficulties and stay together, will live in love and harmony.
Svyatochny holidays last from 7 to 19 January. These include Kolyada (children visit relatives and neighbors, sing New Year’s songs and tell holiday verses, and they are treated and given gifts) and Christmas divination (the night before Christmas, girlfriends gather and wonder what’s right).
Man, as the bearer of the culture of his people, must be aware of the responsibility towards the next generations and justify the hopes of the ancestors. Indeed, without culture, there is no people. And culture is created by man himself.