How and what to treat the wall from mold and fungus: tips
Absolutely in each apartment or house a fungus and mold can form, which negatively affect the state of human health. It is very important to know how to treat the wall from mold and mildew to give a more aesthetic look to the room and prevent the development of diseases.
The main types of fungi
Before you decide how to treat the wall from mold and fungus, you need to know what types of fungi are. There are a lot of them. The most common among them are:
- blue fungi;
- rotting fungi.
Mold fungi grow completely on any material. At the initial stage, they look like small dots of different colors, and over time they grow to significant sizes. With their prolonged exposure, building materials are destroyed, which may damage the integrity of the entire structure.
Blue fungi damage wood.At the same time the construction of a wooden house is painted in a gray-blue shade. Such a fungus not only spoils the appearance, it penetrates deep into the wood, which greatly increases its moisture level.
Only wood is subject to rotting, other building materials are resistant to it. Rot can be completely different. With the formation of bacterial decay, wood is destroyed. The affected area acquires a dark shade, and the strength of the material is significantly reduced.
Harm of fungi and mold for humans
It is very important to know how to treat the wall from mold and fungus, as they bring very strong harm to the body. They provoke the occurrence of such diseases:
- eye diseases.
In addition, occasionally there may be severe dizziness, runny nose, nosebleeds, nausea. Black mold is especially dangerous, as it can lead to serious lung disease and even death.
Causes of mold and mildew
It is very important to know how to treat the walls against mold and mildew.But it is equally important to find out for what reasons they appear on the walls. If you do not eliminate the cause, the fight against fungus and mold will be useless. The appearance of these microorganisms in the home contributes to high humidity. Initially, the mold is formed in the construction of partitions, and then spread to all the walls of the apartment. If during construction mistakes were made, the dew point was broken, or there are microcracks in the building structures, then the probability of a fungus is very high.
Improves the risk of mold and poor ventilation, which is greatly facilitated by plastic windows. They are characterized by a high degree of density. Blocking the flow of fresh air, these modern windows provide a comfortable microclimate for the development of fungus. To avoid this, ventilation in rooms with eurowindows must be perfect.
Wood is most affected by mold, as it is a natural material, but the fungus can spread to concrete and brick.
Mold Removal Feature
First of all, you need to determine the cause of the occurrence of fungi, since this will allow you to understand how to treat the wall from mold and fungus in order to achieve the most positive result.Despite the fact that the processing process is quite simple, it is divided into several stages:
- cleaning the walls from mold, removing the top layer of the infected surface;
- drying the affected area of the wall;
- checking the integrity of heat and waterproofing;
- surface treatment with special antiseptic preparations.
Performing all the required work to remove mold and mildew, special attention should be paid to factors that can have a significant impact on the speed of their spread.
Processing before sticking wallpaper
It is important to know how to treat the wall from mold and mildew before sticking to the wallpaper, since dark spots look very ugly on the surface of the walls, reduce the life of the wallpaper and negatively affect health. According to many experts, for the rapid development of fungi and mold in the room should be a constant dampness or lack of fresh air. In such conditions, fungal and mold microorganisms multiply very quickly and colonize new surfaces.
Before sticking wallpaper, the surface should be treated with a spatula, removing the infected layer, preventing the subsequent spread of the fungus.Then you need to treat the surface with soapy water, but if the mold has parasitized on the walls for a long time, then this tool will not help. In this case, you need to remove the layer of damaged plaster and apply a new one. Then you need to put on the surface of a special antiseptic. It is advisable to apply the solution several times on the wall. The interval between processing and sticking wallpaper should be at least 6 hours.
Processing before plaster
Many are interested in how to treat the wall from mold and fungus when the walls are damp, especially if the stains have already appeared on plastered surfaces. At the preparatory stage, the affected surface is cleaned with an emery paper or trowel. After that, the affected area should be covered with a fungicide, as this tool quickly and effectively kills mold and fungi.
There are also proven folk remedies designed to combat dangerous microorganisms. One of such methods is the treatment of the affected surface with chlorine-containing agents. It is worth remembering that when working with such substances, care must be taken to use protective equipment.To consolidate the result obtained, it is necessary to thoroughly coat the wall with a primer, to which a small amount of antiseptic is added.
How and what to treat the wall from mold and mildew before painting? This question concerns many people, especially those who have high humidity in an apartment or house. If a fungus or mold has formed, these microorganisms must be carefully removed with a spatula along with a layer of plaster. At the same time, the surface of the wall is cleaned from dust and dirt, remnants of the old coating.
Surfaces affected by mold and fungus should be thoroughly treated with an antiseptic agent several times, the walls should be coated with a primer, as it will provide a better adhesion of the paint. Then the base is leveled with a putty, and a layer of plaster is applied on the heavily damaged areas. After leveling the surface of the wall it is covered with paint.
Processing in the bathroom before laying tiles
When carrying out repairs, it is important to know how to treat the wall from mold and mildew before laying the tile, as well as to identify the affected areas.After that, dark spots are carefully cleaned with a spatula and protected with sandpaper. At the final stage, antifungal and antimicrobial agents are applied to the surface of the wall. After a treatment with an antiseptic agent, which is added to the primer, you can achieve a better result.
Knowing how to treat the wall from mold and mildew in the bathroom, you can permanently get rid of unpleasant phenomena.
Now there are many antifungal agents, therefore, before deciding how to treat the wall from mold and fungus on the balcony and inside the room, it is important to read the instructions, where the characteristics of the tool, its consumption per m2 and the surface treatment features are given.
Antiseptics with antimicrobial and antifungal effects are considered the most effective. Turpentine, water or white alcohol can be used as solvents. Antiseptics made on an oil basis are quite common. Among the most popular used for processing walls, there are such:
- ArmMix Universal;
The drug "Xiolat" is considered a very good tool. Its action is aimed at destroying not only the surface structure of the mold, but also penetrates deep into the building material. Means "Tefleks" helps to eliminate mold and mildew. It is characterized by environmental friendliness, which makes it completely safe for humans and animals. Antiseptic primer "ArmMix Universal" penetrates deep into the layers of building material, while not doing absolutely no harm to the health of even allergies. When carrying out antiseptic means "Antisept" processing of walls, the color of the wall surface is restored, the base of cement and gypsum plaster, paint, tile glue is strengthened.
In case of large damage to the wall surface by mold, the room is completely disinfected by applying a disinfectant in a sprayed form. This tool penetrates into microcracks, completely eliminating fungi and mold, even under wallpaper.
Folk remedies to eliminate mold and fungi
Many are interested in what to treat the wall of mold and fungus folk remediesas many of the chemicals used can be very dangerous to human health. Among the most popular folk remedies need to allocate such as:
- bleaching powder;
- hydrogen peroxide;
- copper sulfate solution.
A good tool is a solution of bleach. To do this, dilute 200 g of lime in 1 liter of water. In addition, it is desirable to additionally apply fungicides that are part of the adhesive compositions.
If the mold has spread to the plaster layer, then hydrogen peroxide must be used to carry out the treatment. Copper sulphate is also considered to be a good tool used to eliminate mold and fungi. To prepare the liquid, 100 g of vitriol must be dissolved in 10 liters of water. Apply the solution to the surface of the walls with a brush or spray.
How to get rid of mold and fungi forever?
Finding out the cause of mold in the apartment, you can pick up an antimicrobial agent. Before processing the walls of the fungus, you need to carefully check the adhesion of the plaster with the base. A dull sound may indicate that there is a cavity under the plaster that causes mold to spread.From this area you need to remove all the plaster and re-apply the putty.
Then on the treated surface you need to apply an antiseptic composition using a spray gun, brush, roller. The tool is evenly distributed throughout the infected area.
Prevention of mold and mildew
Most often, the fungus is formed in areas with poor ventilation. In the bathroom, the favorite place for mold and mildew is in the seams between the tiles. To fight the fungus on the walls in the bathroom is necessary by stabilizing the humidity and temperature, for which there is no need to close the door tightly. If there is insufficient ventilation, you need to install an additional fan.
The cause of mold can be cold and drafts. In this case, it is necessary to carry out outdoor insulation. To remove the fungus and mold, you need to perform antiseptic processing and subsequent waterproofing.