General Romanov: photo, biography, state of health
General Romanov is a famous Soviet and Russian military leader, he has the rank of colonel general. Previously, he served as Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, directly commanded the Interior Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the joint group of federal troops in the territory of the Chechen Republic. In 1995 he was awarded the title Hero of Russia.
In the fall of 1995, an attempt was made on him, due to which he suffered a fracture of the base of the skull. The officer lost the ability to move and talk independently. From 1995 to the present, she is being treated at the hospital of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, located in Balashikha. Currently, he perceives the written text, reports on his condition with the help of eye movements and strokes of his hands.
Childhood and youth
General Romanov was born in 1948. Anatoly Alexandrovich was born in the small village of Mikhailovka, located in the Belebeevsky district.Now it is the territory of the Republic of Bashkortostan. He grew up in a large peasant family, in which, besides him, there were seven more brothers and sisters.
By nationality, the future general Romanov is Chuvash. In his native village, he studied at a secondary school, which he successfully graduated from. The hero of our article received a full secondary education by 1966. After that, he did not continue his studies, but went to work. There were many children in the family, so they had to sacrifice education, at least at first. Anatoly Alexandrovich began to work as a milling machine operator.
Military service was one of the most promising areas for career advancement in his position. Anatoly Romanov was called up for military service in the Interior Ministry troops. This happened in 1967.
From the very beginning, the future General Romanov served in the 95th division of the internal troops. The duties of his and colleagues included the protection of especially important public facilities and special cargo.
Romanov proved himself as a responsible and executive man, which led to his quick promotion through the career ladder. By the end of military service, he bore the rank of senior sergeant.He was in the post of the commander of the department and even the deputy commander of the platoon.
Anatoly Romanov was demobilized in 1969. Then he finally decided to devote himself to serving in the army, to receive specialized education in this particular area. Therefore, he filed documents at the military school of the Dzerzhinsky Interior Ministry, which was based in Saratov.
Anatoly Romanov not only successfully passed the exams at this military school, but also worked all his years without problems, demonstrating good results. In 1972 he became a graduate, received a diploma with honors. Moreover, he was recognized as the best on the course, for which he was left to serve in the school.
Anatoly Romanov stayed in Saratov school until 1984. At various times, occupying the posts of a course officer, assistant chief of the training department, personally taught at the department of fire training, led the cadet battalion.
In this case, his own education is not abandoned. From 1978 to 1982, in parallel with the service in the school, Romanov entered the correspondence department of the Frunze Military Academy. Successful completion and this military school allowed him to further move up the career ladder.
Up the career ladder
In 1984, after saying goodbye to the school, Romanov was appointed the head of the headquarters of the 546th regiment of the internal troops that were part of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR. A year later he became the regiment commander.
This military unit was based in the Chelyabinsk region, in a closed military town, which was called Chrysostom-36. Romanov directly supervised the protection and maintenance of order at the defense plant and in the city itself.
In 1988, for a successful service, he was transferred closer to the center. He moved to the Moscow region, in the small town of Zhukovsky. Here Anatoly Romanov headed the headquarters of the 95th division, where he once began his military career in military service.
In the rank of general
During the perestroika and subsequent collapse of the Soviet Union, Romanov did not leave the armed forces, although they were at that time and not the best of times. By 1991, he already bore the rank of colonel.
After that, the hero of our article became a listener at the Military Academy of the General Staff, named after Klim Voroshilov. After graduating from it, he became the commander of the 96th division of the internal troops with a base in Sverdlovsk.
In 1992, he was appointed head of the special units of the internal troops. At the same time he was promoted to the rank of major general.
Important in the biography of General Romanov and 1993, when he was appointed head of the department for the protection of important public facilities and special cargo. In the same year he continued his movement up the career ladder. Anatoly Romanov is successively appointed deputy commander of the internal troops, and then head of the combat training department of the internal troops.
The crisis near the White House
In September and October 1993, another significant event took place in the biography of General Anatoly Romanov. He took direct part in the confrontation between Russian President Boris Yeltsin and the Supreme Council.
The officer spoke on the side of the head of state, all this time being inseparable from the White House. It was Romanov, instead of General Shkirko, who assumed the responsibility for leading the assault on the Russian parliament, which was broadcast live by TV channels around the world.
Participation in the war in Chechnya
In the establishment of constitutional order in the Chechen Republic, it was in those years that the armed conflict was called, which grew into a long-term war, Romanov participated as deputy commander of the internal troops.
He was directly involved in drawing up plans in case of destabilization in the self-proclaimed Ichkeria or other regions of Russia.
In late 1994, Romanov assumed the command of the operational grouping of internal troops, which moved to the North Caucasus. In connection with this appointment he was awarded a new rank - Lieutenant General.
In December 1994, Romanov, among the leaders of the grouping of internal troops, entered Ichkeria, which by that time had declared its independence. Russia refused to recognize the sovereignty of the republic.
In the summer of 1995, the hero of our article was appointed Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs of Russia, the immediate commander of the internal troops in the country. At this place, he replaced Anatoly Kulikov, who retired as Minister of the Interior. At the same time, Romanov began to lead the united group of federal troops operating in the self-proclaimed Chechen Republic.
An attempt on the general
In Chechnya, General Romanov quickly launched an active activity. One of his main merits was the direct and active participation in attempts at a peaceful settlement of the military conflict.At the same time, Anatoly Romanov sought to create conditions for the implementation of the peace process, being responsible for the military bloc.
In October 1995, negotiations were appointed between the Russian military command and Aslan Maskhadov, who at the time was one of the leaders of the separatists. The participation of the command of the North Caucasus Military District was planned in them. On the negotiations went and General Romanov.
A few hours before they began, he went to Severny Airport to meet a prominent Russian politician of Chechen descent named Ruslan Khasbulatov. Khasbulatov has repeatedly offered his role as a mediator for resolving the conflict.
In the Chechen capital Grozny, Romanov drove under a railway bridge near Minutka Square. While following the Romanov column, a radio-controlled landmine was blown up. The hero of our article was in the UAZ, which turned out to be in the epicenter of the explosion. He was seriously wounded and fell into a coma.
He managed to survive due to the fact that he was wearing a helmet and body armor. In his memoirs, Kulikov linked the attempt on Romanov with the name of Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, who actually played the role of Ichkeria’s president after the murder of Dzhokhar Dudayev.In particular, Kulikov claimed that Ayub Vakhayev had become the organizer of the assassination, and another Chechen, Vakha Kurmakhatov, was the perpetrator.
The biography of General Romanov, blown up in Chechnya, is further associated with long-term rehabilitation treatment. At the same time, in November 1995, he was promoted to the rank of colonel-general, and just before the New Year, he was dismissed from the post of commander of internal troops due to health problems.
Photo of General Romanov after the assassination attempt was on the pages of many newspapers. Immediately he was taken to the hospital in Vladikavkaz. In a state of coma, he spent 18 days, after which he began to react to external stimuli.
Doctors diagnosed the officer with a fracture of the base of the skull and numerous shrapnel wounds. From Vladikavkaz he was transferred to the military hospital named after Burdenko.
The health of General Romanov over the years has remained stable. In 2009 he was transferred to the clinical hospital of internal troops in Balashikha. He was treated with stem cells, but this did not bring tangible results, except for enhancing the growth of nails and hair.
To date, the state of General Romanov has not changed fundamentally. He responds to the speech of other people only with facial expressions.Understands text written on paper. At the same time, his physical condition remains satisfactory, his muscles are very weak, but so far they have not atrophied.
Since 1971, Romanov is married. His wife, Larisa Vasilievna, visits the officer almost daily, despite his severe physical condition. She comes to his ward, takes out for walks, and massages to avoid bedsores.