General characteristics of ancient philosophy

Ancient philosophy emerged as a result of the characteristic changes in the worldview of the Greeks.

In essence, what is philosophy? Most likely, this is the view of a whole generation on the world and on history through the prism of the views of one scientist. Ancient philosophy gave the world great scientists: Herodotus, Aristotle, Heraclitus. All these people have written their names in world history and in world philosophy.

A general characteristic of ancient philosophy is impossible without considering the reasons for its appearance. What Greeks did not like the ancient, mythological philosophy that experienced many changes?

First, the mythological philosophy was alreadyis irrelevant. Greece was developing faster. It became the center of the world economy and politics. The Greeks themselves explored the Mediterranean, realized that the world is inhabited by many peoples with their history and culture.

Secondly, the Greeks increasingly faced with othernations that had a completely different approach to philosophy and history, completely unrelated to myths and Gods. The Greeks gradually began to understand that they were surrounded by a world completely absorbed in progress. Only they still continue to believe in the existence of the Olympic Gods.

Of course, this process was gradual. Perhaps, it is the gradualness that determines the fact that the change of philosophical worldviews has passed almost painlessly.

The Greeks actively developed in terms of political and economic. They needed a new philosophy, which soon appeared.

General characteristics of ancient philosophy includes consideration of the causes of its origin, problems, stages of development.

What are the stages of medieval philosophy?

To begin with, it should be noted that this philosophy covers the period from the twelfth century BC. to the sixth century AD In total, there are 4 periods in the history of the philosophy of antiquity.

1) A devoted philosophy. This stage has already been discussed in this article. In addition to Greece, philosophy at this stage is also developing in Italy and Asia Minor. Philosophers often think about the peculiarities of the cosmic system and the problems of being. It is at this stage that the basic principles of the future ancient worldview are developed.

2) The classical period. This period covers the fifth century BC. and the beginning of the fourth century BC. e. This is the heyday of ancient philosophy. First of all, science and philosophical views on it are developing. Science is gradually becoming the main subject of study of ancient philosophers. This is the time of Aristotle and Plato. The center for the development of philosophy at this stage is definitely Greece.

3) Hellenistic period. This period covers the 4-1 century BC. Philosophy becomes more practical. Widely distributed skeptical method of assessing philosophy and the world around him. Appear stoics, pragmatists, skeptics. This is the time when even the most elementary philosophical positions were subjected to skeptical analysis. The center still remains Greece, however, gradually it loses its leading position in the development of philosophy.

4) The fourth stage is characterized by a complete changecenter of development of philosophical thought. Now the center is Rome. This period lasts from the 1st century BC and to the 6th century AD inclusive. Romans long shone with the originality of their philosophical thought. The originality of Roman philosophy was based on heroic prowess and increasingly applying a pragmatic approach.

General characteristic of ancient philosophy is difficult inunderstanding and comprehension. This is due to the problems of understanding and understanding this philosophy. The main problems of ancient philosophy are connected with the originality of this historical period, as well as with the long stage of its development. Often historians and researchers of philosophical thought come across dozens of opinions of different philosophers about the same phenomenon. This is due to the ambiguity of ancient philosophy.

General characteristics of ancient philosophy alsois difficult because of insufficient degree of study. Scant study is associated with the lack of documentary information about a certain period of development of philosophy.

It is necessary to study ancient philosophy for many years. Perhaps, only then can ancient philosophy open for the modern researcher all its secrets.



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