Ermil Jirin: the characteristic (the poem "To Whom in Russia to Live Well")
Poem of Nikolai Nekrasov "To Whom in Russia to Livewell "abounds with various characters, among which is Ermil Jirin. The character of this hero is very important for the whole work, as the author makes him one of the probable contenders for the title of a happy man.
About the poem
Nikolay Alekseevich Nekrasov created a poem aboutthe burdens of peasant life, trying to depict all the torments that fall to the share of the village peasant. And at the same time to illustrate the life of the former serfs. One of these village people is Yermil Jirin. Characterization of the character takes not the last place in understanding the way of life of that time. And Nekrasov himself distinguishes it from a number of others. About how the author does this and why, let's talk below.
Yermil Jirin: characteristics
This character appears already in the first part of the poem. However, the reader does not personally meet with him, but hears only a story about him. Yermil Girin (the characteristic of the plan must necessarily include this point) is the chairman of the village, who is nominated as a lucky candidate. Ermila was elected to his post for honesty and intelligence by the bailiff. And the man fully justified the hopes placed on him, for seven years, fulfilling his duty properly and fairly, for which he earned the respect and love of the whole community.
Once, only Girin abused power. When his younger brother came to pick up the recruits, he gave his son a local peasant woman instead. But even here the best moral qualities of the hero appeared. His conscience began to torment him. And he brought himself to the point that he almost hanged himself. The man saved his life, who returned his unjustly sent son to his mother.
But after this incident, I no longer felthas the right to be chairman, so he left the service, and then became a miller. However, in spite of everything, Girin continued to enjoy the trust and respect of other peasants. In this respect, the case with the sale of the mill is indicative. The fact is that the mill, where Yermil worked, he rented. And the owner decided to sell his property. Trading started, and Jirin won them. However, he did not have a deposit with him. Then the peasants came to help him, who for half an hour managed to collect far not a small amount - a thousand rubles. Only their help saved Girin from ruin.
However, this joyous story ends with the fact that Yermila was arrested for refusing to pacify the riot that occurred in his village.
Nekrasov specifically shows the strength and heightmoral foundations of the hero (the citation characteristic of Ermila Girin confirms this). However, the injustice of power does not allow even such a person to live happily.
Ermil Jirin, whose characteristic wasstated above, was invented not by an empty seat by Nekrasov. Prototype was AD Potanin - a native of the peasants, who manages the estate of the Counts of the Orlovs. This man is famous for his unselfishness, justice and honesty. Rodanat Potanin and Girin, for example, such quotes from the poem: "I need a bad conscience-a peasant to extort a kopeck from a peasant", "He became more ancient than anybody else."
Thus, Ermila Jirin is a measure of happiness, for which, according to Nekrasov, it is necessary to be honest, just, disinterested and respected people.