Enterobiosis: treatment and prevention

Statistics show that the incidenceof the population associated with the appearance of worms in the body is very high all over the world, regardless of the standard of living in the country. In the case of children, this frequency is comparable to that of influenza. The child who visits children's institutions has the greatest risk of infection. Glistovye infestation here can reach up to 80%.

Pinworms (enterobiosis) and ascarids (ascariasis) are the two most common types of parasites that affect the human body.

Enterobiosis (pinworm)

Pinworms are the least dangerous children's worms. However, the harm that enterobiosis can inflict on a small person can be significant. The disease creates serious difficulties in the formation of immunity, especially if it occurs repeatedly. Therefore, enterobiosis treatment, although it is unpleasant, but very necessary, which can not wait. The disturbed balance of intestinal microflora quite often leads to serious gastrointestinal disorders. Chronic diseases worsen. In girls, infection with worms can provoke diseases of the genitourinary system, if the pinworms manage to penetrate the genital tract.

Pinworms - white, thin, small (from 2 to 12 mm)worms. They spread in the lower parts of the intestine. Each female is able to postpone up to 15,000 testicles having very high maturation periods. For this, at night, usually around midnight, it is selected from the anus and lies in the folds near it. It is these movements of worms that cause unpleasant sensations in a person - itching.

Due to the very small weight, the laid eggs easily attach themselves to the skin around the anus, to the hands, to the laundry, creating an extensive environment for infection.

Ways of infection

Infectious enterobiasis children can throughwater, food, soil, dirty hands, insects, contacts with sick people and animals, swimming in open water. Especially often is diagnosed enterobiosis, treatment is prescribed for those children who have been on vacation in camps with open reservoirs.

Symptoms of the disease

Complaints about the itching in the anal and backpassages, restless sleep, diarrhea, bloating, unstable appetite, bad smell from the mouth, scratching - evidence that the child's organism was subjected to such a disease as enterobiasis, the treatment of which should be prescribed by an infectious disease doctor. The baby becomes irritable, as the worms throw toxic substances into the blood. He quickly becomes tired, weakens. There may be skin allergic reactions.

Treatment

At the first signs of helminthic invasion of the patientshould immediately seek help from a doctor. Experts in this field are infectious disease doctors, parasitologists and gastroenterologists. The doctor's task is to identify the disease of enterobiasis, whose treatment will be directed at the destruction of pinworms, as well as the maximum reduction of worm inflicted harm to the child's body.

The process of treatment and recovery is underwayconsistently. At the initial stage of such a disease, as enterobiosis in children, treatment is reduced to the removal of parasites. To this end, the child is given linseed or pumpkin oil. Then follows the reception of anthelmintic agents. The third stage of recovery consists in the use of drugs that normalize and restore the functions of the liver, kidneys, stomach, intestines. These drugs are also aimed at strengthening immunity and restoring metabolism.

Among drugs that are effectively fighting withenterobiosis in children, drugs that are derived from a carbamate benzimidazole substance (for example, mebendazole, medamin), as well as derivatives of tetrahydropyrimidine (well-known to all known pyrantel), are well established.

Unfortunately, with its effectivenessdrugs cause some damage to the child's body. Therefore, if the disease is not started, then an alternative solution in the fight against enterobiosis can be eating foods with anthelmintic effect. These include carrots, pomegranate, strawberries, walnuts, garlic. Decoction of St. John's wort too is able to give a positive result. But in case of choosing such a treatment option, it is necessary to consult a specialist in this field.

Prevention

Infection with parasites is often called a diseaseunwashed hands. Considering that children are all pulling into their mouths, including unwashed hands, the babies need constant monitoring. Water for drinking should be used only filtered and boiled. All raw products - greens, fruits, vegetables, berries - it is important to wash thoroughly. The linen of an infected child should be changed frequently, and after washing thoroughly iron. Since dirt accumulates under the nails, it is better to cut them shortly. It is necessary not to allow children to kiss with pets and to enter tactile contact with stray dogs and cats.

Responsibility for the health of children is borne by adultsparents, nannies, educators, teachers. By the way, treatment of enterobiosis in adults is carried out in almost the same ways as in children. Teaching the child the basic rules of hygiene is the first task in the prevention of infectious diseases.



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