Central Park in New York is an amazing place for recreation and tourism.
Almost every city has a central park. New York is no exception, and its park is one of the largest and most visited parks in the United States of America. It is located in the middle of the island of Manhattan. About 25 million people visit it annually. The park is one of the symbols of this city together with the Statue of Liberty and Times Square. This magnificent territory has won worldwide fame, thanks to its appearance in many famous films and TV shows.
In 1857, the city administration organized a competition for the design of a new complex, which was to compete with the great parks of London and Paris. The tender for the development and creation of the oasis went to two architects, Frederick Olmsted and Calvert Vaux. The park has many alleys and playgrounds for children, several artificial lakes and even its own zoo.This green piece of nature is in demand not only from people: many species of migratory birds gather there. Its dimensions are 800 meters wide and about four kilometers in length. Thus, the area of the Central Park in New York is 341 hectares. The motorway, which encircles the park, on weekends and in the evening on weekdays serves as a platform for sports competitions.
The history of the "green lungs of Manhattan" dates back about 150 years - this is the oldest park in the United States. In the second half of the 19th century, the number of New Yorkers began to grow at a tremendous pace, because the “land of great opportunities” attracted many immigrants from Europe. People were looking for places of rest from hard work and city fuss. But the industrial metropolis was completely devoid of public gardens and parks.
The only salvation was the cemetery - only there was peace and quiet. The city needed Central Park. New York gained strength in social movements. The initiative to create a walking area with tree plantings came from the citizens. And on July 21, 1853, the state legislature decided to allocate more than 750 acres of land in the center of Manhattan Island to create the first large landscape public park of America.
The area that was purchased by the administration was on the outskirts somewhere between the city of New York and the village of Harlem. It was a swampy territory where the colonists' sheds and pig farms were located. To transform it, the builders needed to bring about 3 million cubic meters of soil and plant several hundred thousand trees. All these works were carried out by a team of 20 thousand people over 15 years.
Subsequently, the central park experienced long periods of decline. New York, however, can be proud of this complex, which has a 156-year history. To date, the Society for the Protection of Nature has invested about 700 million dollars in the development, modernization and restoration of this grandiose complex. No wonder the employees of the police department, attached to the park, say that their section is the most quiet in all of New York.
From the height of the skyscrapers offers a stunning view of the central park in New York. But to constantly be able to admire this beautiful panorama, you need to lay out a very large amount of money. So a two-story penthouse in the newly built high-rise "One57" was sold for $ 100 million.Such a pleasure is not affordable for many, often apartments around this green island become the property of famous businessmen and Hollywood actors.
The appearance of the zoo
Initially, the park project, developed in the 19th century, did not provide for a dwelling for animals. The Central Park Zoo in New York was made possible by businessman Augustus Belmont, who in 1859 persuaded the administration to take an example from English and European zoological and botanical gardens. Over the next several months, the state legislature took the initiative to allocate 24 hectares in Central Park to create a zoological and botanical garden.
From the 1860s, residents had the opportunity to observe exotic animals at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and 64th Street. A collection of living creatures adorned Central Park. New York got a menagerie. The number of inhabitants of open-air cages constantly grew at the expense of the animals given as a gift by townspeople. The first inhabitants of the menagerie are 72 white swans and a black bear. In 1934, at the initiative of the Commissioner of Parks Robert Moses, the zoo was renamed the Central Park Zoo.
Reconstruction of areas for animals
In April 1980, the Wildlife Conservation Society signed a contract with the city of New York to repair and operate the zoo and transfer it to the ownership of the department of recreation parks. Reconstruction of the complex began in the spring of 1985, and on August 8, 1988, the renovated zoo became available again to everyone. It is home to polar bears, snow leopards, a large family of ants, Waiominsky toads, red pandas and penguins. Today, New York City Central Park attracts about a million visitors a year. Photo and video will help to capture memorable moments.
Maintaining the complex in good condition is at public expense. However, the park fund is always happy to donate. Assistance is rendered both by prominent figures and ordinary citizens. For exploring additional funds, New York City Central Park distributes photos of animals, panoramas, sculptures. The beauty of the recreation area is enjoyed not only by locals, but also by numerous tourists.