Cancer, stage 3: diagnosis and treatment, prognosis of survival
If the doctor tells the patient that he was diagnosed with the patient, he certainly wants to know for sure about the stage of development of the pathological process and the prognosis.
Many are afraid of the 3-4th stage, believing that in this case they have no chance of life. However, experts say that the possibility of treatment is determined by many factors. There are cases when the started pathological process can be successfully overcome. And the disease at an early stage, on the contrary, ends sadly. This article talks about stage 3 cancer, its symptoms and prognosis.
Classification of malignant pathologies
As already mentioned, the chances of a patient with a similar disease depend on such factors as the composition of the tumor, its type, location, size, type of metastases. The characteristics of the neoplasm are based on three components:
- The spread of malignant pathology, its size and penetration into nearby tissues.
- The presence (absence) of metastases in the lymphatic vessels.
- Foci of cancer in other organs.
How do neoplasms develop?
There is also another classification, according to which experts identify four stages of the pathological process:
- Zero stage of cancer. Such a tumor is characterized by a clear location and contour. It does not penetrate into other organs and tissues. At this stage, the timely detection of the disease and adequate therapy help to cure the vast majority of patients.
- Stage one. The tumor reaches a rather large size, but does not affect the lymph glands. Foci of the pathological process in other organs and tissues of the body are not detected. Due to the fact that modern medical examinations reveal the disease at the first stage, if a patient requests help on time, he can expect a good prognosis.
- The second stage of the disease. The neoplasm increases in size and spreads to the tissues of the lymphatic glands. The prognosis in this situation depends on the composition of the tumor site and the characteristics of its location. In general, subject to timely diagnosis and adequate therapy, the majority of patients have a chance for a complete cure.
- Stage 3 cancer. At this stage, the tumor is rapidly growing and developing.It penetrates the tissues and organs located nearby. Distant foci of cancer pathology are absent. This circumstance is a favorable factor. However, metastases are found in the lymph glands. Many patients and their relatives ask the following question to specialists: in case of cancer of the 3 stage, how many patients do they live? The doctor cannot give a definite answer. It all depends on the specific situation. The prognosis is determined by such aspects as the location of the disease and the general condition of the human body. Depending on these conditions, the patient’s well-being either deteriorates sharply or remains relatively stable during therapy. At this stage, completely eliminate the pathology is almost impossible. Cancer becomes chronic. However, modern methods of therapy can improve the human condition.
- The fourth stage of the development of the disease. The process affects distant organs and tissues of the body, and the tumor reaches a very large volume. Fully recovering from pathology at the 4th stage is no longer possible. Treatment helps to achieve only a temporary improvement in the patient’s condition
It is known that a malignant neoplasm develops as a result of increased division of defective cells. Tumor tissues gradually increase in volume and affect nearby organs. Pathological process affects the lymph glands in cancer stage 3. The forecast at this stage is usually unfavorable. The life expectancy of the patient depends on the harm caused to his body by the neoplasm. Unfortunately, many people turn to a specialist too late. They do not attach much importance to light ailment. The patient comes to the examination in the case when the illness has passed into a neglected form and the characteristic signs of pathology have appeared.
Symptoms of cancer stage 3 is usually pronounced. They include:
- Copious sweating at night.
- Increased temperature.
- Weight loss
- Great weakness.
- Pain sensations.
The intensity of manifestations at stage 3 of cancer is determined by the size of the neoplasm and the degree of development of the pathological process in the lymphatic glands. Severe discomfort in the area of the tumor is associated with squeezing of nearby tissues and nerve endings.In addition, depending on the location of the pathology, other signs may appear. These are disorders of the digestive tract and urinary system, blood clots, discomfort in the sternum, difficulty swallowing, swelling of the limbs and face. In some cases, the patient periodically experiences pain in the head, drowsiness, sometimes fainting. His voice becomes hoarse, and the lymphatic glands increase in size, become dense.
Cancer is a pathological process that is characterized by a fairly rapid development. And since there are often cases where it is not possible to detect the disease at an early stage, the patient seeks medical help too late. Therefore, in the treatment of cancer stage 3, a person can not count on a full recovery. In order to prevent the transition of pathology to a more severe form, specialists use the following methods of therapy:
- Surgical intervention with removal of neoplasms and closely located lymph nodes.
- Radiation therapy. This method of treatment is used both before and after surgery.The above procedure is used in cases where surgery is not possible.
- Chemotherapy for cancer stage 3 is used to stop the growth of tumors and destroy its foci. Also, this method is aimed at preventing the recurrence of pathology and the extension of the patient's life.
- The use of drugs that strengthen the body's defenses.
Of course, the choice of methods of treatment is determined by the age of the patient, his state of health and the peculiarities of the development of pathology.
The prognosis for various types of illness
There is a question that is extremely relevant for patients with cancer of stage 3: “How long do they live with this pathology?”. It should be remembered that the prognosis is determined not only by the stage of development of the neoplasm, but also by the location of the tumor. The sections of this article describe the most common types of disease. These are, above all, cancer pathologies of the organs of the female reproductive system.
Tumors of the uterus and gonads
When such illnesses affect the endometrium and ovarian tissue. Most often they occur in women of middle and old age.At stage 3 of cancer of these organs, there is severe discomfort in the lower part of the peritoneum, there is an outflow of blood from the vagina, especially after intimate contact. The process of urination is difficult, there are disorders of the digestive tract. It is possible to detect cancer pathology of the uterus using a smear, examination using a special device and examination of endometrial cells. Treatment involves surgery and radiotherapy procedures. With this disease, the prognosis depends on the effectiveness of medical interventions. As a rule, 30 to 50 percent of patients live for more than five years. The neoplasm of the genital glands is quite difficult to detect due to the blurred picture of the disease. Its symptoms resemble disorders of the digestive tract. Foci of cancer pathology at the third stage penetrate into other organs of the peritoneum. Therapy consists in operation and use of cytostatics. The forecast is considered rather unfavorable. The chance of life in patients is about 40%.
This disease affects, as a rule, males. Disease prone to people with harmful addictions, that is, those who consume a lot of alcohol-containing products and smokes. The average age of patients ranges from 50 to 70 years.Stage 3 gastric cancer is characterized by severe discomfort, bouts of nausea and vomiting with blood particles.
It is possible to detect this disease with the help of X-ray, ultrasound apparatus and FGDS procedure. To establish an accurate diagnosis, specialists conduct laboratory analysis of a small fragment of an organ. As a rule, patients are prescribed surgery. But even after the operation, the chance of survival for such patients ranges from 20 to 40 percent.
This ailment is one of the most severe. It usually affects the stronger sex, having a nicotine addiction. In the last stages of neoplasm development in the lungs, the size of the tumor reaches six or more centimeters.
Patients suffer from such symptoms as a debilitating cough with blood particles, fever, severe pain.
Pathology is detected after X-ray examination, MRI and assessment of the respiratory organs with a bronchoscope. In this disease at stage 3 of cancer, survival varies from 40 to 50 percent (if the patient underwent surgery). If the operation is not possible, the forecast is about 10%.
Neoplasm in liver
This pathology, as a rule, occurs as a complication of another type of cancer. At the third stage, surgery is not performed. Treatment helps to maximize the quality of life and its extension. The patient is assigned cytostatics and radiation therapy procedures. Typically, patients with a similar diagnosis live for about half a year since the tumor was detected.
Neoplasm of the intestine
This type of oncology is characterized by slow progression. Foci of the tumor extend not only to the tissues of the organ, but also to the lymph glands, which are located in the abdominal cavity. Since the initial stages of the disease is not accompanied by pronounced symptoms, patients usually postpone a visit to the doctor. The most common cancer of the sigmoid colon. At stage 3 signs of illness are as follows:
- Severe discomfort in the lower part of the peritoneum.
- Delayed stools or diarrhea.
- Nausea and emetic urge.
- The loss of a large number of kilograms.
- A feeling of disgust for food.
- Stool with blood particles.
- Feeling broken.
- Changes in skin tone.
Tumors spread to closely spaced organs. As complications of the disease can be called the formation of fistulas, obstruction, bleeding and acute inflammatory process in the peritoneum. This type of pathology is considered quite common. It occurs due to malnutrition, abuse of alcohol products, smoking, a large number of fatty foods, pickles and preservatives in the diet. How many people live with colon cancer stage 3? Experts say that surgery and radiation therapy give a chance to overcome the five-year threshold to 40 percent of patients.