Animals of the forest zone of Russia: hedgehogs, foxes, wolves, badgers and tigers
A forest is not only a collection of all kinds of shrubs and trees, but a whole ecosystem. It is a complex community of living and closely intertwined elements. This ecosystem includes both living organisms, called biota, and non-living - the abiotic component: water, soil, air. In this article, we are interested in forest biota, which includes not only all kinds of vegetation and microorganisms, but also mammals. In particular, we will learn what are the brightest animals of the forest zone of Russia.
What is a forest?
From a scientific point of view, a forest is more or less significant natural space, overgrown with vegetation and trees. Moreover, the vegetation consisting of ferns, shrubs, mushrooms and herbs, must necessarily cover the soil between the trees, otherwise the territory can not be considered a forest.Another component of this concept is the animal world of the forest (animals, birds, insects). Without them, he simply can not exist, as, indeed, they are without him.
Breath of our planet
There is a saying: "The life of a small forest is the breath of an entire planet." And it's hard to disagree. After all, the forest with its ecosystem cleans the air on our planet, saturating it with oxygen. Even a person who is difficult to surprise with something, to the pain of a familiar forest can open a world full of secrets and mysteries! Despite his alluring silence and fabulous peace, life here beats, as they say, the key.
There are quite a lot of birds, animals and insects in the forest biota. To see them and enjoy the nature with your own eyes, you just need to come to the nearest oak-tree and look carefully around. Even tiny ants and spiders are already a whole “zoosocium”, a microcosm that is the “foundation” of all forest biota. So, what are the brightest animals of the forest zone of our country?
First of all, it is worth mentioning the fox cheat! This prankster inhabits forest zones throughout almost all of Asia and North America.In our country, foxes can be observed in large quantities in the Siberian forests. This predator of the dog family has medium body size, covered with a warm red fur coat. Foxes' distinctive pride is their bushy tail.
These animals live mainly on the edges in mixed forests, inhabit the shores of lakes and forest streams. Foxes are wild animals, but despite this, they are often kept as pets. The favorite delicacy of red cheats are mice, hares, berries and fruits. The role of foxes in the life of the forest is difficult to overestimate. So, without a doubt, it is a useful beast that regulates the number of mouse-like rodents that cause irreparable harm to cultivated plants.
Without a hedgehog, a forest is not a forest!
In deciduous and mixed forest zones, one can see common hedgehogs at almost every step. As the famous zoologist Nikolai Drozdov said: “A forest without a hedgehog is not a forest!” Which of us has not seen this animal at least once in its life? Probably, there simply aren't any. However, briefly describe it. Hedgehogs are small animals covered with wool and needles. These animals of the forest zone live throughout Europe, as well as in Asia and the Far East.
The hedgehogs lifestyle can seem rather boring and even somewhat dull. During the day, these animals sleep as if killed, and at night they search for food. By the way, their diet consists of earthworms, small birds, beetles. Those who kept ordinary hedgehogs as pets are well aware of their nocturnal lifestyle: the animal quickly runs around the house, beating the real tap dance with its paws. It is simply impossible to fall asleep!
Medics of the Russian forests
You probably immediately guessed who it is. This, of course, wolves. True, these predators are not so much animals of the forest zone as forest-steppe, and sometimes steppe. These animals are widely distributed in our country. Wolves, like foxes, are a family of canines, being rather large animals with strong paws. Wolf hair is coarse and very thick.
These animals are unsurpassed collective hunters. As you know, they track down their prey in whole flocks, which allows them to successfully hunt large boars, elks, and domestic animals. In times of famine, they feed on carrion, birds, and hares. As is known, the natural role of this predator is to improve the animal population.A wolf is a kind of “filter” of the forest that regulates the number of sick and weak animals, bringing invaluable benefits to all forest biota.
Quiet in the forest, only the badger is not sleeping ...
Badgers are animals of the mixed forest zone. These are very active and active forest predators. Their massive body is supported by awkwardly short legs. The fur is coarse. These animals inhabit the entire European territory, including Russia. They are predominantly nocturnal. In the afternoon, the animals sit in the holes. Badgers eat both plant and animal food. These animals are valuable not only for their fur, but also for their fat.
Some people do not know that tigers are animals of the forest zone of Russia, and not only of India, China, Iran and Afghanistan. These animals are the second largest large land predators after bears. Their distinguishing feature is a flexible body, painted in bright orange-black stripes. However, not all tigers have only this coloring. There are also white tigers.