Analysis of the use of working time: the essence, necessity and practical aspects.
Throughout its history, humanity has sought toyou can work more efficiently with the minimum necessary amount of resources, including working time. For many centuries, whole theories have been worked out on how to make labor as efficient as possible. All these theories are now reflected in such a science as management, especially in that part of it that deals with work with personnel. One of the most important methods of management is the analysis of the use of working time.
This method was proposed by the representatives of thethe first school of management - the so-called scientific school. Its representatives approached the work of the person in the same way as to the work of the machine, realizing that the operations performed by the employee are essentially of the same type, and therefore one can somehow make their implementation more efficient. In this case, the analysis of the use of working time was reduced to the timing of the time required for each individual production operation. It is thanks to the application of this method that the benefits of the division of labor have been scientifically substantiated, which Mr. Henry Ford later proved even more successfully with the help of conveyor production.
Today, the analysis of the use of the worker's fundtime is a slightly different procedure. First of all, it is necessary to determine that it is possible to analyze the use of time in both manufacturing plants and non-production ones, that is, those where employees are mainly engaged in office work. It is logical to assume that for different types of enterprise the logic of this method will differ slightly, although in general it will remain unchanged - it is necessary to understand what operations take the most time for employees, and to try to imagine how to optimize their work. Analysis of the use of working time by employees of large manufacturing enterprises shows that the simplest way to increase the efficiency of the enterprise is to maximize the division of production operations - the more simple the employee performs, the more efficiently and quickly he does it, gradually bringing his movements to automatism.
The situation with officeemployees. Analysis of the use of a fund of working hours by employees of large office centers points to another problem - office workers do not perform monotonous physical work, they are more engaged in mental activities, and they are often attached to such a term as "deadline" - the deadline for the delivery of work. Ordinary human psychology tells them the inexpediency of completing work before deadline, so that it is often delayed in the long box, and then done at the last moment.
Carrying out the analysis of office hoursemployees, it is also necessary to take into account the external factors affecting the employee, such as lighting, the atmosphere in the team, the need to interrupt work for meetings and meetings, and so on. An effective method of increasing labor productivity will be bilateral economic incentives - for example, paying a premium for early surrender of work, and the simultaneous imposition of a fine for delivery later deadline. This method shows the greatest efficiency when working with office personnel.
Analysis of the use of working timeemployees of the enterprise and taking measures to increase labor productivity are among the most important procedures for managing any enterprise, because the more efficiently employees work, the more profit they bring.