7 facts about the son of Stalin Yakov Dzhugashvili
The life of Stalin’s eldest son, Yakov Dzhugashvili, is still poorly understood, with many conflicting facts and white spots. Historians argue about both the captivity of Jacob and his relationship with his father.
In the official biography of Yakov Dzhugashvili, the year of birth is 1907. The birthplace of Stalin’s eldest son is born in the Georgian village of Baji. Some documents, including the protocols of camp interrogations, indicate another year of birth - 1908 (the same year was indicated in Yakov Dzhugashvili’s passport) and another place of birth - Azerbaijan’s capital Baku.
The same place of birth is also indicated in the autobiography written by Jacob on June 11, 1939. After the death of her mother, Ekaterina Svanidze, Yakov was brought up in the house of her relatives. The daughter of his mother’s sister explained the confusion in the date of birth: in 1908, the boy was baptized - he and many biographers considered this year the date of his birth.
On January 10, 1936, the long-awaited son Yevgeny was born to Yakov Iosifovich. His mother was Olga Golysheva, the common-law spouse of Jacob, whom Stalin’s son met in the early 30s.At the age of two, Yevgeny Golyshev, allegedly due to the troubles of his father, who, however, had never seen his son, received a new surname - Dzhugashvili.
Jacob's daughter from his third marriage, Galina, spoke very categorically about the “brother”, referring to her father. He was sure that "he has no son and cannot have one." Galina argued that her mother, Julia Melzer, financially supported the woman because of the fear that the story would reach Stalin. This money, in her opinion, could have been accepted for alimony from her father, which helped register Yevgeny under the last name Dzhugashvili.
It is believed that Stalin was cold in relations with his eldest son. Their relationship, indeed, was not simple. It is known that Stalin did not approve of his 18-year-old son’s first marriage, and Yakov’s unsuccessful attempt to take his own life compared with the act of a hooligan and a blackmailer, telling him that the son “can now live where he wants and with whom he wants.
But the most striking “evidence” of Stalin’s dislike for his son is considered to be the famous “I don’t change the soldier for the field marshal!”, Said according to legend in response to the offer to save his captive son. Meanwhile, there are a number of factsconfirming the father’s concern for his son: from material support and living in one apartment to a donated “emka” and the provision of a separate apartment after marrying Julia Melzer.
The fact of Jacob’s study at the Dzerzhinsky Artillery Academy is undeniable. Only the details of this stage of Stalin’s son’s biography are different. For example, Yakov’s sister Svetlana Alliluyeva writes that he entered the Academy in 1935, when he arrived in Moscow.
If we proceed from the fact that the Academy was transferred to Moscow from Leningrad only in 1938, the information of Stalin’s adopted son Artem Sergeev, who said that Yakov entered the academy in 1938 “at once for 3, or for the 4th year, turned out to be more convincing. ". A number of researchers pay attention to the fact that not a single picture was published, in which Yakov would be captured in military uniform and in the company of fellow students, as there is not a single recollection of his comrades who studied with him. The only picture of Stalin’s son in a lieutenant form was taken allegedly on May 10, 1941, shortly before being sent to the front.
Jacob Dzhugashvili as an artillery commander could be sent to the front according to various sources from June 22 to 26 - the exact date is still unknown.During the battles, the 14th tank division and the 14th artillery regiment entering it, one of the batteries commanded by Yakov Dzhugashvili, caused significant damage to the enemy. During the battle of Senno, Jacob Dzhugashvili was introduced to the Order of the Red Banner, but for some reason his surname under the number 99 was deleted from the Order of Awarding (according to one of the versions on the personal instructions of Stalin).
In July 1941, separate units of the 20th Army were surrounded. On July 8, while trying to leave the entourage, Yakov Dzhugashvili disappeared, and, as follows from the report of A. Rumyantsev, they stopped looking for him on July 25.
According to the common version, Stalin's son was taken prisoner, where he died two years later. However, his daughter Galina stated that the story of her father’s captivity was played out by the German special services. The widely printed leaflets with the image of Stalin’s son, who had surrendered as a prisoner, were supposed to demoralize Russian soldiers.
In most cases, the “focus” did not pass: as Yuri Nikulin recalled, the soldiers understood that this was a provocation. The version that Yakov did not surrender in captivity, and Artem Sergeev also supported his death in battle, recalling that there was not a single reliable document confirming the fact that Stalin’s son was in captivity.
In 2002, the Forensic Center of the Ministry of Defense confirmed that the photographs posted on the leaflet were falsified. It was also proved that the letter, allegedly written by the captive Jacob's father, is another fake. In particular, Valentin Zhilyayev in his article “Jacob Stalin was not in captivity” proves the version that the role of the captive son of Stalin was played by another person.
If, nevertheless, we agree with the fact that Yakov was in captivity, then according to one of the versions, during a walk on April 14, 1943, he threw himself at the barbed wire, after which the sentry, sentinel by the name of Khafrich, shot into the head. But why was it necessary to shoot at an already dead prisoner of war who instantly died from an electrical discharge?
The conclusion of the SS division medical examiner testifies that death was due to the "destruction of the lower part of the brain" from a shot to the head, that is, not from an electrical discharge. According to the version based on the testimony of the commandant of the concentration camp Jägerdorf, Lieutenant Zelinger, Jacob Stalin died in the hospital at the camp from a serious illness. Often another question is asked: did Jacob really not have had the opportunity to commit suicide for two years? Some researchers explain Jacob’s “indecision” with the hope of liberation, which he had sustained untilnot yet learned about the words of his father. According to the official version, the Germans cremated the body of the “son of Stalin”, and the ashes were soon sent to their security department.